Canadian wheat class modernization

Consultation

Consultation period: February 20, 2015 to April 20, 2015

Consultation about: proposal to modernize Canada’s wheat class system

Consultation with: grain handlers, processors, marketers, developers, producers and end-use customers

Objective of proposal:

  • Review the current Canadian wheat classes
  • Maintain the quality and enhance the consistency of Canadian wheat classes to support marketability
  • Add a new wheat class to address emerging requests from producers and markets

Comment period ended. The document is provided for reference purposes only.

Changes to check varieties for two wheat classes

During the consultation, the Prairie Recommending Committee for Wheat, Rye and Triticale, at its annual meeting, changed the check varieties for Canada Western Red Spring wheat and Canada Prairie Spring Red wheat. Changes came into effect on February 26, 2015.

Contact

Wheat Class Modernization
Canadian Grain Commission
600-303 Main Street
Winnipeg MB R3C 3G8

Telephone: 1-800-853-6705
Fax: 204-983-2751
Email: discussions@grainscanada.gc.ca

Feedback from consultation

From February 20 to April 20, 2015, we consulted with you (grain handlers, processors, marketers, developers, producers and end-use customers) on our proposal to modernize Canada’s wheat class system. We thank all of those who gave us their comments.

Post-consultation

Following the public consultation, the Canadian Grain Commission continued discussions throughout spring and summer 2015 with affected value chain stakeholders including breeders, variety owners, grain companies, producer groups, and Cereals Canada.

On the basis of input received during the consultations, ongoing feedback, and thorough evaluations of Canada Western Red Spring (CWRS) and Canada Prairie Spring Red (CPSR) varieties, on July 29, 2015 the Canadian Grain Commission announced that:

  • Effective August 1, 2015, an interim wheat class would be in place for 3 United States wheat varieties - Faller, Prosper and Elgin ND - which received interim registration from the prior to August 1, 2015. This would allow the Canadian Grain Commission to address the viability of an additional wheat class prior to making a decision on its permanence or transitioning any other varieties to this class or to another class.
  • Effective August 1, 2017, 25 Canada Western Red Spring (CWRS) and 4 Canada Prairie Spring Red (CPSR) varieties will transition to another wheat class as they do not meet the revised quality parameters of their designated class. Please note: this date has been changed to August 1, 2018 to address stakeholder concerns about the length of the transition period.
  • In 2016, the Canadian Grain Commission will review, for a period of up to 2 years, additional Canada Western Red Spring (CWRS) and Canada Prairie Spring Red (CPSR) varieties for which more quality data is needed prior to a class designation decision. At least 2 years’ notice will be given before any of these varieties are designated to another class.
  • The Canadian Grain Commission may proceed as required with a review of the other wheat classes and variety trials to ensure appropriate class placement for varieties.
  • No decision will be made on the creation of a Canada Eastern General Purpose (CEGP) wheat class until there is further discussion with stakeholders in eastern Canada.

Next steps Updated

The Canadian Grain Commission is implementing a plan to modernize Canada’s wheat classes. The plan reflects feedback from consultations in early 2015, followed by discussions with stakeholders on a proposed plan, as well as a scan of international markets conducted by Cereals Canada and the Canadian International Grains Institute.

The plan has been designed to:

  • Support Canada’s wheat production, handling, marketing, processing and export needs
  • Provide a balanced solution for stakeholders while supporting future marketability for the entire value chain
  • Provide clarity and efficiency to the variety registration testing requirements

The plan includes the implementation of two new wheat classes, Canada Northern Hard Red (CNHR) and Canada Western Special Purpose (CWSP). These two classes consist of varieties that are developed for milling but whose qualities do not meet the milling parameters of classes such as Canada Western Red Spring (CWRS) and Canada Prairie Spring Red (CPSR); or varieties that are developed for other uses such as feed, ethanol or specialized niche markets.

The plan involves the following steps:

  • Effective August 1, 2016, a new wheat class, Canada Northern Hard Red (CNHR), is in effect and the Canada Western Interim Wheat (CWIW) class is eliminated. The Canada Northern Hard Red (CNHR) class:
    • Has basic milling quality parameters
    • Requires quality data for varieties to be registered and classified
    • Requires disease and agronomic data
    • Includes registered varieties of hard red wheat that do not fit into any existing wheat class:
      • Varieties that were listed in the Canada Western Interim Wheat (CWIW) class
      • Canada Western Red Spring (CWRS) and Canada Prairie Spring Red (CPSR) varieties that are re-designated because they do not meet the revised quality parameters for their classes
      • Hard red wheat varieties which do not receive support from the Wheat, Rye and Triticale Quality Evaluation Team for other hard red wheat trials, but are recommended for registration by the Prairie Recommending Committee for Wheat, Rye and Triticale (PRCWRT) and meet the requirements for the Canada Northern Hard Red (CNHR) class
      • New hard wheat varieties developed for specific markets and meet the quality requirements of the Canada Northern Hard Red (CNHR) class
  • Effective August 1, 2016, both the Canada Western Feed (CWF) and the Canada Western General Purpose (CWGP) wheat classes are eliminated. All varieties designated to these classes are re-designated to the Canada Western Special Purpose (CWSP) wheat class.
  • Effective August 1, 2016, a new wheat class, Canada Western Special Purpose (CWSP), is in effect. The Canada Western Special Purpose (CWSP) class:
    • Has no quality parameters
    • Requires disease and agronomic data
    • Includes varieties that are currently designated to the Canada Western General Purpose (CWGP) wheat class
    • Includes varieties that do not fit within the parameters of any of the other Canadian western wheat classes (e.g. varieties developed for feed and ethanol use or specialized niche markets)
  • Effective August 1, 2018, 25 varieties of Canada Western Red Spring (CWRS) and four varieties of Canada Prairie Spring Red (CPSR) wheat will move to the Canada Northern Hard Red (CNHR) class.
  • Effective August 1, 2019, AC Crystal, a variety of Canada Prairie Spring Red (CPSR) wheat will move to the Canada Northern Hard Red (CNHR) class.

The Canadian Grain Commission will continue ongoing discussions with stakeholders and communicate clear information and procedures to the entire domestic and international wheat value chains.

The following tables provide a comparison of the current and future western Canadian wheat class structure:

Western wheat classes as of August 1, 2015
CWAD CWRS CWHWS CWRW CWSWS CPSR CPSW CWES CWFFootnote 1 CWGPFootnote 1 CWIWFootnote 1
Grades
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1   1 1
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2   2 2
3 3 3 3 3 CW Feed CW Feed CW Feed     3
4 CW Feed CW Feed CW Feed CW Feed           CW Feed
5                    
Western wheat classes as of August 1, 2016
CWAD CWRS CWHWS CWRW CWSWS CPSR CPSW CWES CWSPFootnote 2Footnote 3 CNHRFootnote 2Footnote 4
Grades
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
3 3 3 3 3 CW Feed CW Feed CW Feed 3 3
4 CW Feed CW Feed CW Feed CW Feed         CW Feed
5                  

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Removed as of August 1, 2016

Return to first footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

New as of August 1, 2016

Return to first footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

Canada Western Special Purpose (CWSP)

Return to footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Canada Northern Hard Red (CNHR)

Return to footnote 4 referrer

Variety designation changes Updated

As of August 1, 2016:

  • Two new wheat classes come into effect: Canada Northern Hard Red (CNHR) and Canada Western Special Purpose (CWSP).
  • Three wheat classes are eliminated: Canada Western Interim Wheat (CWIW), Canada Western General Purpose (CWGP), and Canada Western Feed (CWF).

Designation changes as of August 1, 2016

Canada Western Interim Wheat (CWIW) varieties move to Canada Northern Hard Red (CNHR) class

  • Faller
  • Prosper
  • Elgin ND

Canada Western General Purpose (CWGP) varieties move to Canada Western Special Purpose (CWSP) class

  • AAC Proclaim
  • AAC Innova
  • AAC NRG097
  • Accipiter
  • Broadview
  • CDC Clair
  • CDC Falcon
  • CDC Harrier
  • CDC Kestrel
  • CDC NRG003
  • CDC Primepurple
  • CDC Ptarmigan
  • CDC Raptor
  • Minnedosa
  • NRG010
  • Pasteur
  • Peregrine
  • Pintail
  • SY087
  • Sunrise
  • Swainson
  • WFT 603

Designation changes as of August 1, 2018

The following varieties do not meet revised quality parameters of their designated classes, but meet the quality parameters of the Canada Northern Hard Red (CNHR) class.

Canada Western Red Spring (CWRS) varieties move to Canada Northern Hard Red (CNHR) class

  • AC Abbey
  • AC Cora
  • AC Eatonia
  • AC Majestic
  • AC Michael
  • AC Minto
  • Alvena
  • Alikat
  • CDC Makwa
  • CDC Osler
  • Columbus
  • Conway
  • Harvest
  • Kane
  • Katepwa
  • Leader
  • Lillian
  • McKenzie
  • Neepawa
  • Park
  • Pasqua
  • Pembina
  • Thatcher
  • Unity
  • 5603HR

Canada Prairie Spring Red (CPSR) varieties move to Canada Northern Hard Red (CNHR) class

  • AC Foremost
  • AC Taber
  • Conquer
  • Oslo

Designation change as of August 1, 2019

The following variety does not meet revised quality parameters of its designated class, but meets the quality parameters of the Canada Northern Hard Red (CNHR) class.

Canada Prairie Spring Red (CPSR) variety moves to Canada Northern Hard Red (CNHR) class

  • AC Crystal

Canada Western Red Spring (CWRS) and Canada Prairie Spring Red (CPSR) varieties under review

In addition to these designation changes, the Canadian Grain Commission initiated a review in January 2016, for a period of up to 2 years, of Canada Western Red Spring (CWRS) and Canada Prairie Spring Red (CPSR) varieties for which more quality data is needed before a decision is made about their class designation. These varieties will remain in their designated classes unless an evaluation shows they do not meet the revised quality parameters for the Canada Western Red Spring (CWRS) and Canada Prairie Spring Red (CPSR) wheat classes. At least 2 years’ notice will be given before any of these varieties are designated to another class.

Primary grade determinants

The primary grade determinants for these wheat classes, found in the Official Grain Grading Guide, take effect on August 1, 2016: Canada Northern Hard Red (CNHR) and Canada Western Special Purpose (CWSP).