Quality of western Canadian malting barley 2013

Growing and harvesting conditions

Seeding

The early spring season was very cool resulting in delayed planting across the Prairies, with minimal seeding commencing before May 1st. Record amounts of winter snowfall in south and central Saskatchewan helped to replenish low soil moisture levels. Although some heavy rainfall in southern regions caused delays and reductions in acres, dry conditions in the majority of areas allowed seeding to progress rapidly, with the majority of the crop in the ground by June 1st.

Growing Season

Most growing areas received normal amounts of rainfall in June and early July which aided early crop development. Cooler and dryer conditions during the reproductive stage in late July and early August allowed the crop to mature with minimal stress and a long grain filling period resulting in lower protein levels and larger, heavier kernels.

Harvest

Warm weather in late August and September allowed crops to mature before the first fall frost. The warm dry conditions also advanced crop maturity, and allowed harvest to progress rapidly. Dry conditions were prevalent in the Peace region and through northern Alberta and central Saskatchewan, whereas wet conditions in southern regions resulted in some damage due to sprouting later in the harvest period. Harvest progress, although later than normal, proceeded rapidly with most crop in the bin by mid October.

April 2013 mean temperature difference from normal (Prairies) in Canada

Map - Temperature difference from normal in Prairies, April 2013. Described below.

Map compiled using the Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Map Archive.

Map representing the Prairie provinces showing cooler than normal temperatures across the majority growing regions during the month of April 2013. The mean temperature difference from normal for April 2013 was approximately -4° to -5°C in the growing area.

Percent of monthly average precipitation received in September 2013

Map - Monthly average precipitation in Prairies, Sept. 2013. Described below.

Map compiled using the Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Map Archive.

Map representing the Prairie provinces showing dryer than normal conditions in the Peace regions and through northern Alberta and central Saskatchewan whereas wet conditions in southern regions during the month of September 2013.