Quality of western Canadian malting barley 2013

Production

The total barley production in Western Canada in 2013 was estimated at 8,894,000 tonnes, representing a substantial increase of about 18% compared to 2012. In each province, the increased barley production was associated with a record yield of 68.2 bushels per acre compared to 54.1 bushels per acre in 2012 (Statistics Canada).  Acreage seeded to barley in 2013 decreased by 5% from 2012, continuing a long term downward trend due to competition for acres from other crops.

Most growing areas received normal amounts of rainfall in June and early July which aided early crop development. Cooler and dryer conditions during the reproductive stage in late July and early August allowed the crop to mature with minimal stress and a long grain filling period resulting in lower protein levels and larger, heavier kernels.

Barley production in western Canada for 2012, 2011 and the ten year average Footnote 1
  Seeded area Production
2013 2012 2004-2013 average 2013 2012 2004-2013 average
thousand hectares thousand tonnes
Manitoba 190 219 290 686 618 843
Saskatchewan 1,052 1,062 1,392 3,331 2,351 3,635
Alberta Footnote 2 1,465 1,554 1,689 4,877 4,519 4,878
Total 2,707 2,835 3,372 8,894 7,488 9,356

Annual production and area seeded to malting barley for 2004-2013
Graph - malting barley tonnes produced and hectares seeded, 2004-13. Details below.
Details
Annual production and area seeded to malting barley for 2004-2013
Year  Hectares Production
2003 4741 11,201
2004 4397 12,300
2005 4205 11,327
2006 3446 8,868
2007 4182 10,254
2008 3577 11,209
2009 3308 8,924
2010 2598 6,984
2011 2460 7,307
2012 2840 7,488
2013 2707 8,894

Distribution of barley classes as percentage of total area seeded to barley in three Western Canada provinces in 2013
Charts- % of area seeded in AB, SK, MB for food, malting + general purpose barley. Details below.

Data Source: Sask Crop Insurance, Alberta Ag Financial Services Corp, & Manitoba Management Plus Program

Details
Distribution of barley classes as percentage of total area seeded to barley in three Western Canada provinces in 2013
Province Malting Food General Purpose
Manitoba 47.6 0.2 52.4
Saskatchewan 75.5 1.3 24.5
Alberta 34.4 0.0 65.6

Data Source: Sask Crop Insurance, Alberta Ag Financial Services Corp, & Manitoba Management Plus Program


Barley is a multi-purpose crop grown in a widespread area across the Canadian Prairies.  Although only approximately 25% of the crop is selected annually for malting purposes, the majority ending up as feed or forage, over half of the acreage is seeded to malting barley varieties. The predominate type of barley grown in Western Canada is two-rowed malting, with AC Metcalfe remaining the dominant variety in 2013, occupying 36% of total acres seeded to malting barley. However, Metcalfe is slowly being replaced by a portfolio of newer two-rowed cultivars. This trend is expected to continue as newer malting barley cultivars become better accepted in the marketplace.  Six-rowed malting barley, traditionally produced in the eastern Prairies and exported to the United States, continues to decline in acres, now representing only a small fraction of total barley production.

Distribution of two-rowed malting barley cultivars as percentage of acreage seeded to malting barley in Western Canada
Variety Alberta Saskatchewan Manitoba Prairies
2013 2013 2013 2013 2012
% % % % %
AC Metcalfe 36 39.5 10.7 36.3 44.3
CDC Copeland 31.2 24.5 6.6 25.8 27.4
CDC Meredith 17.9 12 4.8 13.7 6.6
Newdale 6.2 6 24.2 7.2 6.3
Major 1.6 3.1 1.8 2.5 0.6
Bentley 3.1 0.6 5.7 1.8 1.2
CDC Polarstar 0.2 1.7 0 1 1.4
CDC Kindersley 1 0.3 0 0.5 0.3
Merit 57 0.8 0 0 0.3 0.2
CDC Kendall 0.2 0.3 0 0.2 0.6
Other 0.6 0.2 0.7 0.1 0.2

Data Source: Sask Crop Insurance, Alberta Ag Financial Services Corp, & Manitoba Management Plus Program


Distribution of six-rowed malting barley cultivars as percentage of acreage seeded to malting barley in Western Canada
Variety Alberta Saskatchewan Manitoba Prairies
2013 2013 2013 2013 2012
% % % % %
Legacy 0.3 9.8 3.6 5.9 6.3
Celebration 0 0.6 23.1 1.9 1.6
Tradition 0 1.2 12.3 1.5 1.6
Stellar ND 0 0 5.8 0.4 0.4
Robust 0.2 0.1 3 0.3 0.4
CDC Yorkton 0.4 0.1 1.5 0.3 0.1
Lacey 0.2 0 1.7 0.2 0.2
Other 0 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.2

Data Source: Sask Crop Insurance, Alberta Ag Financial Services Corp, & Manitoba Management Plus Program


The Canadian Malting Barley Technical Center, in collaboration with its member organizations and other barley industry groups, produces an annual Recommended Malting Barley Varieties List which is intended as a guide to assist producers in the selection of varieties for seeding in the coming year.

Malting barley cultivars recommended for production in Western Canada in 2014-2015

Recommended two-rowed malting varieties
Variety Domestic Export
AC Metcalfe Established Established
CDC Copeland Established Established
CDC Meredith Established Limited
CDC PolarStar Established Established

The four varieties above will represent 80 to 85% of the anticipated selections.

Source: Canadian Malting Barley Technical Centre

Recommended six-rowed barley varieties
Variety Domestic Export
Legacy Established Established
Stellar-ND Established Established
Tradition Established Established
Celebration Limited Limited

Source: Canadian Malting Barley Technical Centre

Commercialization status
Variety Commercialization Status
Newdale Established
Major Increasing
Bentley Increasing
Merit 57 Increasing
CDC Kindersley Increasing

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada, Table 001-0010 Estimated areas and production of principle field crops.  (Accessed October 10th 2013).

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Alberta figures include small amounts grown in British Columbia.

Return to footnote 2 referrer