Quality of barley selected for malting in 2014

Production

Total barley production in Western Canada in 2014 was estimated at 6,700,000 tonnes, representing a decrease of about 31% compared to 2013. Total area seeded to barley in Western Canada in 2014 also decreased by about 16% compared to 2013. Flooding that occurred in eastern Saskatchewan and in Manitoba in late June and early July contributed to a substantial loss of seeded acreage in these two provinces. The decrease in production in 2014 was, therefore, associated with the decreased barley acreage and with a return to relatively normal yields. The average yield of barley in 2014 (62 bushels per acre)Footnote 1 was dramatically smaller than the record harvest of 2013.

Barley is a multi-purpose crop grown for food, malting and general purposes in a widespread area across the Canadian Prairies. In 2014 two rowed malting barley occupied the majority of acres in Saskatchewan, while the majority of barley produced in Alberta was grown for feed and forage purposes. In Manitoba, 44% of acres was seeded to malting barley, whereas 56% to general purpose barley. Food barley continues to occupy relatively small percentage of seeded acres in each province.

Barley production in western Canada for 2014, 2013 and the ten year average Footnote 2
  Seeded area Production
2014 2013 2005-2014 average 2014 2013 2005-2014 average
thousand hectares thousand tonnes
Manitoba 0.132 0.182 2.594 0.414 0.705 0.750
Saskatchewan 0.789 1.024 1.274 2.105 3.412 3.353
AlbertaFootnote 3 1.354 1.503 1.626 4.181 5.631 4.779
Western Canada 2.275 2.709 3.159 6.700 9.748 9.192

Annual production and area seeded to malting barley for 2005-2014

Graph - malting barley tonnes produced and hectares seeded, 2005-14. Details below.

Details
Annual production and area seeded to malting barley for 2005-2014
Year  Hectares Production
2004 4397 12,300
2005 4205 11,327
2006 3446 8,868
2007 4182 10,254
2008 3577 11,209
2009 3308 8,924
2010 2598 6,984
2011 2460 7,307
2012 2840 7,488
2013 2709 9,748
2014 2275 6700

Distribution of barley classes as percentage of total area seeded to barley in three Western Canada provinces in 2014

Charts- % of area seeded in AB, SK, MB for food, malting + general purpose barley. Details below.

Data Source: Sask Crop Insurance, Alberta Ag Financial Services Corp, & Manitoba Management Plus Program

Details
Distribution of barley classes as percentage of total area seeded to barley in three Western Canada provinces in 2014
Province Malting Food General Purpose
Manitoba 44.0 0.2 56.0
Saskatchewan 81.0 1.2 18.0
Alberta 35.0 0.1 65.0

Data Source: Sask Crop Insurance, Alberta Ag Financial Services Corp, & Manitoba Management Plus Program


In recent years, a small number of varieties has dominated the portfolio of malting barley cultivars currently being grown and selected in Western Canada. AC Metcalfe remained the most popular malting variety occupying 38.9% of total acres seeded to malting barley in 2014. CDC Copeland continued in second place with 29.8% of malting barley acres. Acres seeded to CDC Meredith decreased slightly from 13.7% in 2013 to 9.8% in 2014. Newer two-rowed cultivars, such as Bentley, CDC PolarStar, CDC Kindersley, Major, Merit 57, AAC Synergy were also grown in 2014 although in smaller quantities. Six-rowed malting barley, primarily produced in Manitoba, continues to decline in acres with Legacy remaining the top six-rowed malting variety but at just 4.4% of total malting barley acres.

Distribution of two-rowed malting barley cultivars as percentage of acreage seeded to malting barley in Western Canada
Variety Alberta Saskatchewan Manitoba Prairies
2014 2014 2014 2014 2013
% % % % %
AC Metcalfe 35.1 43.9 14.4 38.9 36.3
CDC Copeland 32.7 29.9 5.5 29.8 25.8
CDC Meredith 15.0 6.5 3.6 9.8 13.7
Newdale 5.3 4.4 23.5 5.7 7.2
Bentley 4.6 0.4 5.9 2.4 1.8
CDC Polarstar 0.6 3.3 0.0 2.0 1.0
CDC Kindersley 2.1 0.2 0.1 0.9 0.5
Major 0.7 0.8 0.1 0.8 2.5
Merit 57 1.6 0.0 0.0 0.6 0.3
AAC Synergy 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.0
Other 0.6 0.5 0.0 0.5 0.3

Data Source: Sask Crop Insurance, Alberta Ag Financial Services Corp, & Manitoba Management Plus Program


Distribution of six-rowed malting barley cultivars as percentage of acreage seeded to malting barley in Western Canada
Variety Alberta Saskatchewan Manitoba Prairies
2014 2014 2014 2014 2013
% % % % %
Legacy 0.4 7.6 3.1 4.4 5.9
Celebration 0.0 0.5 17.2 1.1 1.9
Tradition 0.0 0.9 15.3 1.3 1.5
Stellar ND 0.0 0.6 3.9 0.5 0.4
CDC Yorkton 0.4 0.2 1.7 0.3 0.3
Lacey 0.2 0.1 2.7 0.3 0.2
Robust 0.1 0.1 2.4 0.2 0.3
Other 0.4 0.0 0.4 0.1 0.2

Data Source: Sask Crop Insurance, Alberta Ag Financial Services Corp, & Manitoba Management Plus Program


Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada, Table 001-0100 Estimated areas and production of principle field crops.  (Accessed October 29, 2013).

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Agriculture and Agrifood Canada; Outlook for Principal Field Crops, accessed November 21, 2014.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

Alberta figures include small amounts grown in British Columbia.

Return to footnote 3 referrer