Quality of western Canadian malting barley 2015

Production

The total area planted with barley in Western Canada in 2015 was 2.513 million hectares, a 12% increase over the 2014 acreage. Total barley production in Western Canada in 2015 is estimated at 7.8 million tonnes, which represents an increase of 16% compared with 2014.  Barley production in Manitoba and in Saskatchewan increased by 59% and 32%, respectively, compared with last year. Alberta, despite a 5% increase in seeded acreage, had only a 4% increase in production in 2015 compared with last year. This was likely caused by loss of seeded crop due to drought conditions in some areas. Both barley seeded area and barley production in 2015 were down about 20% and 12%, respectively, from the 10-year average (2005-2014). Average barley yield in 2015 is estimated at 65 bushels per acre, slightly lower than in 2014 (62 bushels per acre) (Statistics Canada, CANSIM Table 001-0017).

Barley production and barley seeded area in Western Canada

Comparison of barley production in Western Canada for 2015 and 2014 with the ten year average productionFootnote 1
  Seeded area Production
2015 2014 2005-2014 average 2015 2014 2005-2014 average
million hectares million tonnes
Manitoba 0.162 0.121 0.258 0.566 0.355 0.744
Saskatchewan 0.971 0.809 1.276 2.863 2.172 3.360
Alberta and British Columbia 1.380 1.317 1.622 4.357 4.174 4.778
Western Canada 2.513 2.248 3.157 7.786 6.702 8.881

Barley is a multi-purpose crop grown for malting, general purpose (feed and forage) and food in a widespread area across the Canadian Prairies. This year in Alberta (and parts of British Columbia), general purpose barley accounted for 58.5% of total barley seeded area compared with malting barley at 40.9%. In Saskatchewan, the majority of seeded area (71.5%) was planted with malting barley varieties. In Manitoba, about 48.1% of barley seeded area was allocated to malting varieties and 50.2% to general purpose. Overall malting barley accounted for 53.1% of barley seeded area in Western Canada compared with general purpose barley at 40.0%. Food barley continued to occupy a relatively small percentage of seeded acres in each province.

Barley production and barley seeded area in Western Canada from 2005 to 2015

Graph - malting barley tonnes produced and hectares seeded, 2005-15. Details below.

Details
Annual production and area seeded to malting barley for 2005-2015
Year Seeded area (million hectares) Production (million tonnes)
2005 4.21 11.3
2006 3.45 8.87
2007 4.18 10.25
2008 3.58 11.21
2009 3.31 8.92
2010 2.60 6.98
2011 2.46 7.31
2012 2.84 7.49
2013 2.71 9.75
2014 2.25 6.70
2015 2.53 7.20
10-year average 3.16 8.88

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada, Table 001-0010 Estimated areas and production of principle field crops.  (Accessed December 4, 2015).

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Distribution of malting barley cultivars as percentage of acreage seeded with malting barley

Distribution of barley classes as a percentage of total area seeded with barley in Western Canada in 2015

Charts- % of area seeded in AB, SK, MB for food, malting + general purpose barley. Details below.

Data Source: Sask Crop Insurance, Alberta Ag Financial Services Corp, Manitoba Management Plus Program, BC Crop Insurance

Details
Distribution of barley classes as percentage of total area seeded to barley in three Western Canada provinces in 2015
Province Malting Food General Purpose Not specified
Manitoba 48.1 0.2 50.2 1.5
Saskatchewan 71.5 0.6 11.8 16.1
Alberta and British Columbia 40.9 0.2 58.5 0.4

Data Source: Sask Crop Insurance, Alberta Ag Financial Services Corp, Manitoba Management Plus Program, BC Crop Insurance


In recent years, a relatively small number of varieties has dominated the portfolio of malting barley cultivars being grown and selected in Western Canada. This year AC Metcalfe and CDC Copeland remained the most popular malting varieties representing about 74% of total acres seeded with malting barley. In comparison to last year, the acreage seeded with AC Metcalfe in 2015 remained almost unchanged, whereas the acreage allocated to CDC Copeland increased by 5.6%. The area seeded with CDC Meredith decreased from 9.8% in 2014 to 5.2% in 2015. The acreage planted with several newer two-rowed cultivars, such as Bentley, CDC Kindersley, AAC Synergy, and Merit 57, increased somewhat compared to last year but  still remained relatively low compared to the area seeded with AC Metcalfe and CDC Copeland. The production of six-rowed malting barley continued to decline. In 2015, the six-rowed cultivars occupied only about 6.5% of the total area seeded with malting barley. Legacy, Celebration and Tradition remained the top three six-rowed varieties. The production of two-rowed cultivars dominated in Alberta and Saskatchewan with CDC Copeland occupying the largest area in Alberta and AC Metcalfe in Saskatchewan. Newdale and AC Metcalfe prevailed among the two-rowed varieties seeded in Manitoba, but a relatively large portion of land in Manitoba was also seeded with six-rowed varieties, especially Celebration and Tradition.

Distribution of malting barley cultivars as percentage of acreage seeded with malting barley in Western Canada in 2015

Two-rowed malting barley cultivars, % of acreage seeded with malting barley in Western Canada
Variety 2015 2014
AC Metcalfe 38.5 38.9
CDC Copeland 35.4 29.8
CDC Meredith 5.2 9.8
Newdale 5.2 5.7
Bentley 3.4 2.4
CDC Kindersley 1.7 0.9
CDC Polarstar 1.4 2.0
AAC Synergy 0.8 0.2
Merit 57 0.7 0.6
Major 0.4 0.8
Harrington 0.2 0.3
CDC Kendall 0.2 0.2
Other 0.4 0.1
Total 93.5 91.6

Data Source: Sask Crop Insurance, Alberta Ag Financial Services Corp, Manitoba Management Plus Program, BC Crop Insurance

Six-rowed malting barley cultivars, % of acreage seeded with malting barley in Western Canada
Variety 2015 2014
Legacy 3.3 4.4
Celebration 1.3 1.1
Tradition 0.9 1.3
CDC Yorkton 0.2 0.3
Robust 0.2 0.2
Stellar ND 0.2 0.5
Lacey 0.1 0.3
CDC Battleford 0.1 0.1
Excel 0.1 0.1
Other 0.1 0.1
Total 6.5 8.3

Data Source: Sask Crop Insurance, Alberta Ag Financial Services Corp, Manitoba Management Plus Program, BC Crop Insurance

Distribution of malting barley cultivars as percentage of acreage seeded with malting barley in each province in 2015

Two-rowed malting barley cultivars, % of acreage seeded with malting barley in Western Canada
Variety Alberta and British Columbia Saskatchewan Manitoba
AC Metcalfe 32.4 46.0 15.5
CDC Copeland 42.4 32.5 8.4
CDC Meredith 5.9 4.9 3.1
Newdale 4.6 3.8 22.9
Bentley 5.7 1.0 7.8
CDC Kindersley 3.0 0.7 0.9
CDC Polarstar 0.2 2.6 0
AAC Synergy 1.4 0.4 0
Merit 57 1.6 0 0
Major 0.4 0.5 0
Merit 0.6 0 0
Harrington 0.2 0.1 0
CDC Kendall 0.2 0.1 0.1
Other 0.3 0.1 0.1
Total 98.9 92.7 58.7

Data Source: Sask Crop Insurance, Alberta Ag Financial Services Corp, Manitoba Management Plus Program, BC Crop Insurance


Six-rowed malting barley cultivars, % of acreage seeded with malting barley in each province
Variety Alberta and British Columbia Saskatchewan Manitoba
Legacy 0.3 5.8 2.4
Celebration 0 0.4 19.6
Tradition 0 0.5 11.6
CDC Yorkton 0.2 0.1 1.5
Robust 0 0.1 2.0
Stellar ND 0 0.1 1.8
Lacey 0.1 0 1.9
CDC Battleford 0.3 0 0.1
Excel 0 0.2 0.2
Other 0.1 0.1 0.1
Total 1.0 7.3 41.2

Data Source: Sask Crop Insurance, Alberta Ag Financial Services Corp, Manitoba Management Plus Program, BC Crop Insurance

Recommended Malting Barley Varieties 2016-2017 (Canadian Malting Barley Technical Centre)

The Canadian Malting Barley Technical Centre in collaboration with its member organizations and other industry groups produces an annual Recommended Malting Barley Varieties List which is intended as a guide to assist producers in the selection of varieties for seeding in the coming year.

Two-row malting barley varieties
Variety Market comments
CDC CopelandFootnote 2 Established demand
AC MetcalfeFootnote 2 Established demand
BentleyFootnote 3 Limited demand
CDC MeredithFootnote 2 Limited demand
CDC PolarStarFootnote 3 Limited demand
NewdaleFootnote 5 Limited demand
Merit 57Footnote 3 Limited demand
CDC KindersleyFootnote 2 Under commercial market development - Growing demand
AAC SynergyFootnote 6 Under commercial market development - Growing demand

Some two-row varieties are exclusively handled by one or a limited number of companies. As a result it is recommended that producers consult with their grain company representative, local elevator operators or malting companies regarding commercial opportunities for specific varieties. For Bentley contracting opportunities contact Canada Malting Company. For CDC PolarStar contracting opportunities contact Prairie Malt-Cargill. For Newdale contracting opportunities contact Canada Malting Company or North American Food Ingredients. For Merit 57 contracting opportunities contact BARI-Canada.

Six-row malting barley varieties
Variety Market comments
LegacyFootnote 4Footnote 5 Limited demand
TraditionFootnote 5 Limited demand
CelebrationFootnote 3 Limited demand

Demand for six-row malting barley has been declining and it is recommended that producers consult with their grain company representative, local elevator operators or malting companies regarding commercial opportunities for specific varieties.

Footnotes

Footnote 2

SeCan pedigreed seed distribution rights for these varieties.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

CANTERRA SEEDS pedigreed seed distribution rights for these varieties.

Return to footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Crop Production Services pedigreed seed distribution rights for this variety.

Return to footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

FP Genetics pedigreed seed distribution rights for these varieties.

Return to footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Syngenta pedigreed seed distribution rights for this variety.

Return to footnote 6 referrer