Quality of western Canadian canola 2013

Weather and production review

Weather review

As in 2011 and 2012, extreme conditions seemed to be the norm for the 2013 growing season – cool in April and a lot warmer in September. The mean temperature difference from normal for April 2013 was approximately -4° to -5°C in the growing area (Figure 2a). The mean temperature difference from normal for September 2013 was 2.0° to 4.0°C in the growing area (Figure 2b). Winter produced heavy snow fall, and the snow melted slowly due to cooler than normal temperatures in April. Seeding was delayed by 2 to 3 weeks, compared to 2012 (Figure 3). Temperatures in early June were normal to slightly below normal averages, but late June and early July were warmer than normal. During the last 2 weeks of July and the first week of August, temperatures were also below normal. During the night, temperatures were close to freezing in some areas. In late August, temperatures rose and were higher than normal in September. Harvest was delayed one to 2 weeks compared to 2012, but proceeded at a faster pace due to warmer than normal conditions in September.

Figure 2a – April 2013 mean temperature difference from normal (Prairies) in Canada
Map - Temperature difference from normal in Prairies, April 2013. Described above

Map compiled using the Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Map Archive.

Figure 2b - September 2013 mean temperature difference from normal (Prairies) in Canada
Map - Temperature difference from normal in Prairies, September 2013. Described above

Map compiled using the Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Map Archive.

Cooler temperatures and normal precipitation during the development of the crop, followed by warmer than normal temperatures at harvest without any frost, were ideal environmental conditions for canola production in 2013.

Seeding and harvest progress in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta for the 2013 and 2012 growing seasons

Seeding and harvest progress for each province is presented in Figures 3a and 3b. The graphs were done using the crop reports for each province.

Figure 3a - Seeding progress – 2013 and 2012 growing seasons by seeding date and percentage of crop seeded
Graph of western canola seeding progress of the 2013 & 2012 growing seasons. Details in table below.
Table: Seeding progress – 2013 and 2012 growing seasons by seeding date and percentage of crop seeded
Seeding date 2013 Manitoba
%
2013 Saskatchewan
%
2013 Alberta
%
2012 Manitoba
%
2012 Saskatchewan
%
2012 Alberta
%
13-May 8
20-May 27
27-May 67
06-Jun 83
10-Jun 96
11-Jun 98
05-Jun 1
21-May 63
02-Jun 99
06-May 1
21-May 43
27-May 80
03-Jun 88
10-Jun 94
17-Jun 100
23-Apr 9
30-Apr 35
07-May 50
14-May 50
22-May 90
28-May 92
04-Jun 98
11-Jun 98
18-Jun 100
26-Apr 0
30-Apr 2
03-May 5
14-May 22
21-May 64
28-May 74
04-Jun 91
11-Jun 96
18-Jun 98
25-Jun 100
02-May 4
17-May 47
31-May 94
12-Jun 100

Data sourced from provincial crop reports:

Figure 3b - Harvest progress – 2013 and 2012 growing seasons by harvest date and percentagr of crop harvested
Graph of western canola harvest progress of the 2013 & 2012 growing seasons. Details in table below.
Table: Seeding progress – 2013 and 2012 growing seasons by seeding date and percentage of crop seeded
Harvest date 2013 Manitoba
%
2013 Saskatchewan
%
2013 Alberta
%
2012 Manitoba
%
2012 Saskatchewan
%
2012 Alberta
%
13-Aug -- 5
02-Sep -- 8
09-Sep -- 25
16-Sep -- 52
23-Sep -- 68
30-Sep -- 78
07-Oct -- 89
15-Aug 5 --
23-Sep 65 --
30-Sep 70 --
07-Oct 70 --
15-Oct 90 -- --
27-Aug -- -- 4.5
10-Sep -- -- 12.9
24-Sep -- -- 59
04-Oct -- -- 85
13-Aug -- -- -- 0.1 -- --
20-Aug -- -- -- 1 -- --
27-Aug -- -- -- 50 -- --
04-Sep -- -- -- 60 -- --
10-Sep -- -- -- 80 -- --
17-Sep -- -- -- 80 -- --
24-Sep -- -- -- 100 -- --
27-Aug -- -- -- -- 14
03-Sep -- -- -- -- 31 --
10-Sep -- -- -- -- 52 --
17-Sep -- -- -- -- 74 --
24-Sep -- -- -- -- 88 --
01-Oct -- -- -- -- 95 --
08-Oct -- -- -- -- 98.3 --
21-Aug -- 17.4
04-Sep -- 15.4
18-Sep 56.1
02-Oct 95

Data sourced from provincial crop reports:

Production

Western Canadian farmers planted just over 8.0 million hectares of canola in 2013, about 10% less than in 2012 (Table 2). Statistics Canada reported that the 2013 western Canada mean yield was 2,200 kg/ha. This is well above the 1,600 kg/ha mean observed in 2012, the 1,900 kg/ha mean in 2011 (then considered as a record yield), and the 5-year mean of 1,860 kg/ha. Production (17.876 million metric tonnes) is the highest recorded in Canada, about a 20% increase compared to production in 2012 and above the 5-year production average (13.266 million tonnes).

Production in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta/British Columbia accounted for 16.0, 49.9, and 34.0% (12.0, 50.7 and 37.3% in 2012) of total canola production, respectively (Table 2). Observed yields in all the western provinces (Manitoba: 2,300 kg/ha, Saskatchewan: 2,100 kg/ha and Alberta/British Columbia: 2,500 kg/ha) were much higher than the previous record in western Canada of 1,900 kg/ha in 2011.

Table 2 - Seeded area and production for western Canadian canola
  Seeded area
thousand hectares
ProductionFootnote 1
thousand tonnes
2013 2012 2008-2012 2013 2012 2008-2012
Manitoba 1,276.8 1,446.8 1,297.0 2,871.2 2,100.1 2,306.1
Saskatchewan 4,249.2 4,694.4 3,711.0 8,917.6 6,486.4 6,280.2
AlbertaFootnote 2 2,501.0 2,719.5 2,336.3 6,087.5 5,180.0 4,679.6
Western Canada 8,027.0 8,860.7 7,344.3 17,876.3 13,766.5 13,265.9

Footnotes

Footnote 1

For all production data please consult Statistics Canada’s website

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Includes part of the Peace River area that is in British Columbia.

Return to first footnote 2 referrer