Quality of western Canadian canola 2013

Oil content

Mean oil content (44.8%) of Canola No. 1 Canada was higher than the 2012 average (43.5%) (Table 1). This mean is very close to the record mean observed in 2011 (45.2%) (Figure 6)and is higher than the 5-year (2008-12) mean of 44.4% (Table 1, Figure 6). Mean oil content in Manitoba (43.8%) was lower than in Saskatchewan (45.4%) and Alberta (45.0%) (Table 3a, 7, 8 and 9). The oil content of individual Canola No. 1 Canada samples harvested in 2013 by producers across western Canada ranged from 37.9 to 49.1% in Manitoba; 39.1 to 51.2% in Saskatchewan; and 38.3 to 51.0% in Alberta (Table 3a).

Mean oil content for Canola, No. 2 Canada (44.0%) was lower than the mean for, No. 1 Canada, (44.8%); the oil content for No. 2 Canada samples ranged from 37.8 to 49.5% (Table 3a).

Oil content is influenced by both genetics and environment. For any known canola variety, cool growing conditions will give higher oil content, compared to hot growing conditions. During the summer of 2013, temperatures in most parts of the prairies were cool from May to approximately the second week of August, except for during late June and early July (Figure 2).

Mean oil content of commercially clean canola exports of Canola No. 1 Canada was 43.9% for November 2013 exports and 44.0% for August-October 2013 exports (Table 6). Oil content averages were lower in non-commercially clean exports (43.4 % for August-October 2013 exports). Mean oil content for the actual shipping season is higher than what was observed for last shipping season (43.2%). Mean oil content of exports since October is slightly lower than the 2013 harvest mean, but is up by 0.7% from the 2012-13 shipping season. The increase from the 2012-13 shipping season reflects the increase in the 2013 harvest. (Tables 1 and 6).

It is expected that the mean oil content of Canadian exports will be in the 44.0-45.0% range for most of the 2013-14 shipping season.

Table 3a - Oil content – 2013 Harvest survey
Canola quality data by grade and province
  Number of samples Oil contentFootnote 1 %
Mean Minimum Maximum.
Canola, No. 1 Canada
Manitoba 321 43.8 37.9 49.1
Saskatchewan 757 45.4 39.1 51.2
AlbertaFootnote 2 491 45.0 38.3 51.0
Western CanadaFootnote 3 1569 44.8 37.9 51.2
Canola, No. 2 Canada
Manitoba 17 43.0 37.8 46.0
Saskatchewan 7 45.3 39.7 49.5
AlbertaFootnote 2 42 44.3 38.3 48.0
Western CanadaFootnote 3 66 44.0 37.8 49.5
Canola, No. 3 Canada
Western CanadaFootnote 3 22 44.1 40.5 46.6
Canola, Sample Canada
Western CanadaFootnote 3 19 43.4 38.3 47.5

Footnotes

Footnote 1

8.5% moisture basis

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Includes part of the Peace River area that is in British Columbia

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Footnote 3

Values are weighted averages based on production by province as estimated by Statistics Canada

Return to first footnote 3 referrer

Figure 6 - Oil content mean of harvest survey samples, 1975-2013 - Canola, No. 1 Canada
Graph of canola oil content mean from samples 1975-2013. Details in table below.
Table: Oil content mean of harvest survey samples, 1975-2013 - Canola, No. 1 Canada
Year Oil Content %
8.5% moisture basis
1975 42.8
1976 42.8
1977 43.4
1978 43.0
1979 43.2
1980 44.9
1981 42.5
1982 43.7
1983 41.3
1984 41.5
1985 42.9
1986 43.3
1987 41.7
1988 41.4
1989 40.4
1990 41.4
1991 41.9
1992 42.3
1993 43.0
1994 42.9
1995 42.4
1996 43.4
1997 42.6
1998 43.0
1999 43.3
2000 43.2
2001 42.8
2002 42.5
2003 41.8
2004 43.3
2005 44.4
2006 44.6
2007 43.4
2008 44.3
2009 44.5
2010 44.3
2011 45.2
2012 43.5
2013 44.8