Quality of western Canadian canola 2013

Protein content

Mean crude protein content was 19.7, 20.5, 20.1 and 18.8 for Canola, No. 1 Canada, No. 2 Canada, and No. 3 Canada and Sample, respectively (Table 3b). Mean protein content for Canola, No. 1 Canada was lower in 2013 (19.7%) than in 2012 (21.3%) and similar to what was observed in 2011 (19.6%). This is lower than the 5-year mean (20.3%) by 0.6% (Table 1). Mean protein content was 20.6, 19.3 and 19.9% in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, respectively with protein content of individual producer samples ranging from 14.7 to 26.3% for Canola, No. 1 Canada samples and from 14.8 to 25.1% for No. 2 samples (Table 3b, 7, 8 and 9).

Protein content calculated to an oil-free meal at 8.5% moisture basis was 37.5%, which is significantly lower than what was observed in 2012 (40.6%) and in 2011 (38.8%) and well below 40.3%, which was calculated for the 5-year average (Table 1, Figure 8). The calculated protein content of the oil-free meal (100% defatted) was much higher in Manitoba (39.5%) than in Saskatchewan (38.2%) and Alberta (35.4%).

In canola, it is known that oil and protein content follow an inverse relationship – the lower the oil, the higher the protein content. Higher oil content was observed in 2013 compared to 2012. Lower protein content was expected in the 2013 canola harvest when compared to the 2012 averages.

Mean protein of Canola, No. 1 Canada commercially clean exports was 19.9%, both in November 2013 and August to October 2013 (Table 6). Protein content averages for the actual shipping season are lower than what was observed for last shipping season (21.0% for August 2012 to July 2013). The decrease in protein mean observed in the 2013 harvest is reflected in lower mean protein content observed for August-November 2013 exports when compared to the 2012 shipping season (Table 6).

The average calculated protein content of the meal was 38.3% for the November 2013 commercially clean exports of Canola, No. 1 Canada.This result is about 1.4% lower than what was observed during last shipping season (averaged 39.7% for commercially clean exports of Canola, No. 1 from August 2012 to July 2013) (Table 6).

It is expected that the protein content of the Canadian exports will remain in the 19.5 to 20.0% range for most of the 2013-14 shipping season.

Tabel 3b - Protein content – 2013 Harvest survey
Canola quality data by grade and province
  Number of samples Protein contentFootnote 1 %
Mean Minimum Maximum.
Canola, No. 1 Canada
Manitoba 321 20.6 16.3 25.5
Saskatchewan 757 19.3 14.7 25.3
AlbertaFootnote 2 491 19.9 15.3 26.3
Western CanadaFootnote 3 1569 19.7 14.7 26.3
Canola, No. 2 Canada
Manitoba 17 21.1 18.3 25.1
Saskatchewan 7 18.6 14.8 22.7
AlbertaFootnote 2 42 20.4 17.0 24.1
Western CanadaFootnote 3 66 20.5 14.8 25.1
Canola, No. 3 Canada
Western CanadaFootnote 3 22 20.1 16.9 23.3
Canola, Sample Canada
Western CanadaFootnote 3 19 18.8 14.1 21.4

Footnotes

Footnote 1

N x 6.25; 8.5% moisture basis

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Includes part of the Peace River area that is in British Columbia

Return to first footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

Values are weighted averages based on production by province as estimated by Statistics Canada

Return to first footnote 3 referrer

Figure 7 - Protein content of harvest survey samples, 1975-2013 - Canola, No. 1 Canada
Graph of canola protein content from samples 1975-2013. Details in table below.
Table: Protein content of harvest survey samples, 1975-2013 - Canola, No. 1 Canada
Year Protein Content %
8.5% moisture basis
1975 20.7
1976 20.5
1977 20.2
1978 20.8
1979 22.1
1980 20.6
1981 22.4
1982 20.7
1983 21.0
1984 22.4
1985 20.8
1986 19.6
1987 20.4
1988 21.5
1989 23.1
1990 21.9
1991 21.7
1992 20.7
1993 19.1
1994 19.9
1995 20.4
1996 20.1
1997 21.2
1998 21.3
1999 20.6
2000 21.0
2001 22.3
2002 23.2
2003 23.3
2004 21.5
2005 20.5
2006 21.0
2007 21.7
2008 20.8
2009 19.9
2010 20.1
2011 19.6
2012 21.3
2013 19.8
Figure 8 - Meal protein content (oil-free basis) of harvest survey samples, 1983-2013 - Canola, No. 1 Canada
Graph of canola meal protein content (oil-free basis) from sample 1983-2013. Details in table below.
Table: Meal protein content (oil-free basis) of harvest survey samples, 1983-2013 - Canola, No. 1 Canada
Year Oil-Free Protein %
8.5% moisture basisb
1983 38.23
1984 40.94
1985 39.08
1986 37.19
1987 37.44
1988 39.34
1989 41.41
1990 40.04
1991 40.05
1992 38.50
1993 36.03
1994 37.47
1995 38.02
1996 38.24
1997 39.67
1998 40.18
1999 39.11
2000 39.82
2001 41.78
2002 43.33
2003 42.85
2004 40.84
2005 39.78
2006 41.06
2007 41.20
2008 40.26
2009 38.68
2010 39.02
2011 38.81
2012 40.57
2013 38.70