Quality of western Canadian canola 2014

This report presents quality data and information based on the Canadian Grain Commission’s 2014 Harvest Sample Program for western Canadian canola. Quality parameters included are oil, protein, chlorophyll, glucosinolates, free fatty acids and the fatty acid composition of harvest samples. Quality data are from analyses of canola samples submitted to the Canadian Grain Commission throughout the harvest period by producers, grain companies and oilseed crushing companies.

Summary

Growing areas for canola in western Canada with 2012 and 2013 production data. Details below.

The map shows traditional growing areas for canola in western Canada with 2012 and 2013 production data. Samples received from the Peace River area of Bristish Columbia were combined with Alberta Crop District No. 7 samples. Alberta averages of these samples will be referred to as Alberta-Peace River.

The 2014 harvest showed a lower percentage of samples graded Canola, No. 1 Canada (81.4%), a much lower percentage than the 2013 harvest (93.7%). In fact, this was the lowest percentage of samples graded as Canola, No. 1 Canada since 2010. Variations in grade distribution were observed:  in some areas of Alberta-Peace River and Saskatchewan less than 65% of the samples graded Canola, No. 1 Canada.

The 2014 western Canadian canola (Canola, No.1 Canada) crop was characterized by a decrease in oil (44.2% versus 44.8%) and a slight increase in protein (20.2% versus 19.7%) when compared to the 2013 Canola, No. 1 Canada crop. Average chlorophyll content was higher in 2014 than in 2013 (13 mg/kg versus 12 mg/kg, respectively). However chlorophyll content distribution varied greatly by location. Samples from Manitoba had a much lower chlorophyll average than Saskatchewan or Alberta-Peace River: 10 mg/kg for Manitoba versus 14 mg/kg for Saskatchewan and Alberta-Peace River. The 2014 canola crop had similar oleic acid content, linoleic acid and α-linolenic acid contents when compared to the 2013 crop (63.2, 18.7 and 9.2% versus 63.4, 18.5 and 9.1 % for oleic, linoleic acid, and α-linolenic acid respectively). Total saturated fatty acid content was similar to what was observed in 2013 (6.7 in 2014 versus 6.8% in 2013). This resulted in a slightly higher iodine value in the 2014 canola crop when compared to 2013 canola crop (112.2 versus 111.7 units in 2013). Mean free fatty acids levels in 2014 Canola, No. 1 Canada seed was similar to what was observed in 2013 (0.18 versus 0.13%).

Canola, No. 1 Canada: Quality data for 2014 harvest
Quality parameter 2014 2013 2009-2013 Mean
Number of received samples 1993 1676 1715
Number of Canola, No. 1 Canada samples 1623 1569 1457
Oil contentFootnote 1 (%) 44.2 44.8 44.5
Protein contentFootnote 1, Footnote 2 (%) 20.2 19.7 20.3
Oil-free protein of the mealFootnote 1, Footnote 2 (%) 38.9 37.5 40.3
Oil-free protein of the mealFootnote 2, Footnote 3 (%) 37.4 36.0 38.8
Chlorophyll content (mg/kg in seed) 13 12 14
Total glucosinolatesFootnote 1 (µmoles/g) 10 10 10
Oil-free total glucosinolates of the mealFootnote 1 (µmol/g) 17.4 18.2 18.1
Oil-free total glucosinolates of the mealFootnote 3 (µmol/g) 16.7 17.5 17.4
Free fatty acids (%) 0.18 0.13 0.13
Oleic acid (% in oil) 63.2 63.4 62.5
Linoleic acid (% in oil) 18.7 18.5 18.9
α-Linolenic acid (% in oil) 9.2 9.1 9.7
Erucic acid (% in oil) 0.01 0.01 0.01
Total saturated fatty acidsFootnote 4 (% in oil) 6.7 6.8 6.8
Iodine value 112.2 111.7 113.2
Total mono-unsaturated fatty acids (MUFA)Footnote 5 (% in oil) 64.9 65.1 64.1
Total poly-unsaturated fatty acids (PUFA)Footnote 6 (% in oil) 27.9 27.7 28.6

Footnotes

Footnote 1

8.5% moisture basis.

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Footnote 2

Protein content calculated from nitrogen content using N x 6.25.

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Footnote 3

12% moisture accoring to meal trading parameters.

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Footnote 4

Total saturated fatty acids are the sum of palmitic (C16:0), stearic (C18:0), arachidic (C20:0), behenic (C22:0), and lignoceric (C24:0).

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Footnote 5

Total mono-unsaturated fatty acids are the sum of palmitoleic (C16:1), oleic (C18:1), eicosenoic (C20:1), erucic (C22:1), and nervonic (C24:1) acids.

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Footnote 6

Total poly-unsaturated fatty acids are the sum of linoleic (C18:2),linolenic (C18:3) and eicosadienoic (C20:2) acids.

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