Quality of western Canadian canola 2014
Weather and production review
Weather review and effects on seeding and harvest
As in 2011 and 2013, extreme conditions were the norm for the 2014 growing season. Winter was extremely cold with heavy snow falls. The snow melted slowly due to an extremely cold April and a cooler than normal May. This resulted in delayed seeding by about 1 week in Saskatchewan and by about 2 weeks in Manitoba when compared to seeding in 2013. Seeding progressed slowly in Manitoba and part of Saskatchewan due to excess precipitation. Some areas were not seeded at all due to excessive moisture.
Temperatures were slightly below average in most of the Prairies from May to September during the 2014 growing season; only the north-west of Saskatchewan and Alberta - Peace River area of British Columbia showed slightly above average temperatures from July to early September. From June to September, the north-west of Alberta and the Peace River area of British Columbia showed an lack of moisture compared to normal.
May 2014 mean temperature difference from normal in Canada (Prairies) during the 2014 growing season
September 2014 mean temperature difference from normal (Prairies) during the 2014 growing season
Accumulated precipitation and departure from normal in Canada (Prairies) during the 2014 growing season (April 1 to October 31, 2014)
The 2014 harvest started about 1 week later than in 2013 in Saskatchewan and Alberta and about 3 weeks later in Manitoba. The 2014 harvest was much slower than usual due to excessive precipitation, especially during the long week-end of September. A killer frost and heavy snow were reported in Alberta on September 11, leading to a harvest stoppage. Harvest resumed the second half of September due to drier weather conditions; however harvest progress was slower than normal. By the end of September, less than 50% of the crop was harvested. This year harvest was not finished by Thanksgiving.
Seeding and harvest progress in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta for the 2014 and 2013 growing seasons
The graphs were done using the crop reports for each province.
Crop seeded in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta for the 2013 and 2014 growing seasons
Crop harvested in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta for the 2013 and 2014 growing seasons
Western Canadian farmers planted over 8.0 million hectares of canola in 2014, slightly over what was seeded in 2013 and about 7% more than the 5-year average. Statistics Canada reported that the 2014 western Canada average yield was 1,900 kg/ha, below the record average yield observed in 2013 (2,200 kg/ha) but similar to the 5-year yield average of 1,916 kg/ha. The 2014 production for western Canada (15.496 million metric tonnes) was the second highest production recorded in Canada. It was about 13% lower than the 2013 record production of 17.876 million metric tonnes, but above the 5-year average production (14.332 million tonnes).
In 2014, the provincial production for Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia accounted for 14.9, 49.2, 35.4 and 0.5% (16.1, 49.9, 33.6 and 0.5% in 2013) of the total canola production, respectively. The 2014 observed average yields were much lower in all the western provinces (Manitoba: 2,000 kg/ha, Saskatchewan: 1,800 kg/ha, Alberta: 2,100 and British Columbia 1,700 kg/ha) than the previous yield averages (Manitoba: 2,300 kg/ha, Saskatchewan: 2,100 kg/ha, Alberta: 2,500 and British Columbia 2,200 kg/ha).
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