Quality of western Canadian canola 2014

Weather and production review

Weather review and effects on seeding and harvest

As in 2011 and 2013, extreme conditions were the norm for the 2014 growing season. Winter was extremely cold with heavy snow falls. The snow melted slowly due to an extremely cold April and a cooler than normal May. This resulted in delayed seeding by about 1 week in Saskatchewan and by about 2 weeks in Manitoba when compared to seeding in 2013. Seeding progressed slowly in Manitoba and part of Saskatchewan due to excess precipitation. Some areas were not seeded at all due to excessive moisture.

Temperatures were slightly below average in most of the Prairies from May to September during the 2014 growing season; only the north-west of Saskatchewan and Alberta - Peace River area of British Columbia showed slightly above average temperatures from July to early September. From June to September, the north-west of Alberta and the Peace River area of British Columbia showed an lack of moisture compared to normal. 

May 2014 mean temperature difference from normal in Canada (Prairies) during the 2014 growing season

September 2014 mean temperature difference from normal (Prairies) during the 2014 growing season

Accumulated precipitation and departure from normal in Canada (Prairies) during the 2014 growing season (April 1 to October 31, 2014)

The 2014 harvest started about 1 week later than in 2013 in Saskatchewan and Alberta and about 3 weeks later in Manitoba. The 2014 harvest was much slower than usual due to excessive precipitation, especially during the long week-end of September. A killer frost and heavy snow were reported in Alberta on September 11, leading to a harvest stoppage. Harvest resumed the second half of September due to drier weather conditions; however harvest progress was slower than normal. By the end of September, less than 50% of the crop was harvested. This year harvest was not finished by Thanksgiving.

Seeding and harvest progress in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta for the 2014 and 2013 growing seasons

The graphs were done using the crop reports for each province.

Crop seeded in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta for the 2013 and 2014 growing seasons

Graph of western canola harvest progress of the 2014 & 2013 growing seasons. Details in table below.

Table: Percent of the crop seeded
2014 and 2013 growing seasons by seeding date and percentage of crop seeded
Seeding date 2014 Manitoba
%
2014 Saskatchewan
%
2014 Alberta
%
2013 Manitoba
%
2013 Saskatchewan
%
2013 Alberta
%
03-Jun     87.5
10-Jun     94
17-Jun     100
13-May     8
20-May     27
27-May     67
06-Jun     83
10-Jun     96
11-Jun     98
06-May     0.9
21-May     63
02-Jun       98.6

Data sourced from provincial crop reports:

Crop harvested in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta for the 2013 and 2014 growing seasons

Graph of western canola seeding progress of the 2014 & 2013 growing seasons. Details in table below.

Table: Percent of the crop hervested
2014 and 2013 growing seasons by seeding date and percentage of crop seeded
Seeding date 2014 Manitoba
%
2014 Saskatchewan
%
2014 Alberta
%
2013 Manitoba
%
2013 Saskatchewan
%
2013 Alberta
%
2012 Manitoba % 2012 Saskatchewan
%
2012
Alberta
%
08-Sep 1  
15-Sep 5  
22-Sep 30  
29-Sep 45  
06-Oct 70  
14-Oct 85  
20-Oct 90  
21-Aug 1  
28-Aug 2  
04-Sep   7
11-Sep   1
18-Sep   23
25-Sep   68
02-Oct   89
16-Oct   95
23-Oct 99  
30-Oct  
19-Aug 1  
26-Aug 4  
02-Sep 13  
09-Sep 19  
16-Sep 26  
23-Sep 52  
30-Sep 72  
07-Oct 81  
17-Oct - - 93 -  
21-Oct - - 97.7 -  
15-Aug 5  
23-Sep 65  
30-Sep 70  
07-Oct 70  
15-Oct 90  
13-Aug 5
02-Sep 8
09-Sep 25        
16-Sep 52        
23-Sep 68        
30-Sep 78        
07-Oct 89        
13-Aug        
27-Aug 4.5      
10-Sep 12.9      
24-Sep 59      
04-Oct 85      
13-Aug   0.1    
20-Aug   1    
27-Aug   50    
04-Sep   60    
10-Sep   80    
17-Sep   80    
24-Sep   100    

Data sourced from provincial crop reports:

Production

Western Canadian farmers planted over 8.0 million hectares of canola in 2014, slightly over what was seeded in 2013 and about 7% more than the 5-year average. Statistics Canada reported that the 2014 western Canada average yield was 1,900 kg/ha, below the record average yield observed in 2013 (2,200 kg/ha) but similar to the 5-year yield average of 1,916 kg/ha. The 2014 production for western Canada (15.496 million metric tonnes) was the second highest production recorded in Canada. It was about 13% lower than the 2013 record production of 17.876 million metric tonnes, but above the 5-year average production (14.332 million tonnes).

In 2014, the provincial production for Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia accounted for 14.9, 49.2, 35.4 and 0.5% (16.1, 49.9, 33.6 and 0.5% in 2013) of the total canola production, respectively. The 2014 observed average yields were much lower in all the western provinces (Manitoba: 2,000 kg/ha, Saskatchewan: 1,800 kg/ha, Alberta: 2,100 and British Columbia 1,700 kg/ha) than the previous yield averages (Manitoba: 2,300 kg/ha, Saskatchewan: 2,100 kg/ha, Alberta: 2,500 and British Columbia 2,200 kg/ha).

Seeded area and production for western Canadian canola
  Seeded area
thousand hectares
Harvested area
thousand tonnes
ProductionFootnote 1
thousand tonnes
2014 2013 2009-2013 2014 2013 2009-2013 2014 2013 2009-2013
Manitoba 1,214.1 1,276.8 1,301.5 1,185.7 1,250.5 1,268.3 2,313.3 2,871.2 2,365.2
Saskatchewan 4,309.9 4,249.2 3,937.6 4,208.7 4,226.9 3,858.3 7,622.6 8,917.6 6,940.9
Alberta 2,630.5 2,501.0 2,371.6 2,612.2 2,448.3 2,344.8 5,488.5 5,998.8 4,962.5
British Columbia 42.5 40.5 39.2 42.1 40.5 38.6 71,900 88.7 63.4
Western Canada 8,197.0 8,067.5 7,649.8 8,048.7 7,966.2 7,509.9 15,496.3 17,876.3 14,331.8

Footnotes

Footnote 1

For all production data please consult Statistics Canada’s website

Return to footnote 1 referrer