Quality of western Canadian canola 2014

Harvest Sample Program samples and grade distribution

This report of quality data for the 2014 harvest is based on analyses of 1,993 individual canola samples. Composites of various grades from various crop districts composites from each province were made using 1,955 samples. Specialty oil samples, such as high oleic acid, low linolenic acid, and high erucic acid, were excluded from this report. More canola samples were received in 2014 than in 2013 (1,676); however, this is less than what was received in 2012 (2,108).

Exports of commercially cleaned canola exports (from August 2014 to November 2014) contained on average 1.70% dockage, ranging from 0.77 to 2.30%, which affects quality factors such as oil content, chlorophyll and free fatty acid. Canola exports containing over 2.5% dockage are considered not commercially clean (NCC) and have even greater reductions in measured quality components. The composition of 2014 samples was compared to 2013 results and to long-term sample program means.

81.4% of samples were graded Canola, No. 1 Canada, compared to 93.7% in the 2013 harvest and 82.0% in 2012. This number (81.4%) is much lower than the 5-year average of percentage of Canola, No. 1 Canada (85.6%).

The grade distribution of the 2014 canola crop varied from crop district to crop district. In some areas, the percentage of samples graded Canola, No. 1 Canada was lower than 70%. Manitoba had the highest percentage of samples graded Canola, No. 1 Canada (88.7%), followed by Saskatchewan (81.4%). The lowest percentage of samples graded Canola, No. 1 Canada were from Alberta crop districts 6 and 7 at 59.6% and 77.7% respectively.

The main degrading factor for Canola, No. 1 to Canola, No. 3 was high distinctly green seed counts. Distinctly green seed counts (DGR) were 0.59% in Canola, No. 1 Canada, 3.28% in Canola, No. 2 Canada, 9.68% in Canola, No. 3 Canada and 6.28% in Sample. Most of samples at the lowest grade (Sample) were downgraded because of admixture and sprouting but not because of destinctly green seed counts. The Official Grain Grading Guide defines conspicuous admixture as material found in the sample after cleaning and is easily distinguished from canola without the use of magnification.

Canola samples received in the Harvest Sample Program and the historical grade distribution, 2004-2014

Graph of distribution of Canola grades in harvest survey, described in table below.
Table: Harvest Sample Program and the historical grade distribution, 2004-2014
Canola samples received in the Harvest Sample Program and the historical grade distribution, 2004-2014
Crop year Total samples No. 1 Canada No. 2 Canada No. 3 Canada Sample Canada Percent No. 1 Percent No. 2 Percent No. 3 Percent sample
2004 1943 1146 565 201 31 58.98 29.08 10.34 1.60
2005 2186 1920 198 60 8 87.83 9.06 2.74 0.37
2006 2485 2268 196 14 7 91.27 7.89 0.56 0.28
2007 2114 1859 212 37 6 87.94 10.03 1.75 0.28
2008 1767 1674 58 17 18 94.74 3.28 0.96 1.02
2009 1362 1251 81 16 14 91.85 5.95 1.17 1.03
2010 1785 1345 244 128 68 75.35 13.67 7.17 3.81
2011 1749 1487 166 65 31 85.02 9.49 3.72 1.77
2012 2089 1714 301 45 29 82.05 14.41 2.15 1.39
2013 1588 1488 62 21 17 93.70 3.90 1.32 1.07
2014 1993 1623 250 76 44 81.44 12.54 3.81 2.21

Distribution of Canola, No. 1 Canada samples received in 2014 from crop districts in prairie provinces

Map of Canola No. 1 Canada distribution in prairie provinces, details in table below.

Distribution of Canola, No. 1 Canada samples received in 2014 from crop districts in prairie provinces
Percentage (%) Alberta crop districts Saskatchewan crop districts Manitoba crop districts
> 95.0 1 3AS, 3BN, 4A, 4B, 7A 8, 9, 10
90.0 - 95.0 NA 1A, 1B 1, 4, 7, 11
85.0 - 90.0 NA 2A, 2B, 3AN, 6B, 7B NA
80.0 - 85.0 2, 4A, 4B 3BS, 5A, 6A, 9A, 9B 2, 3, 12
75.0 - 80.0 7 NA 6
70.0 - 75.0 NA NA 5
65.0 - 70.0 5 5B NA
60.0 - 65.0 3 8A, 8B NA
50.0 - 60.0 6 NA NA