Quality of western Canadian canola 2014

Comparisons to export shipment data

It is important to note that the numbers of samples in each grade or province may not be representative of the total production or grade distribution. However, there were sufficient samples to provide good quality information for each province and each grade. Provincial and western Canadian averages were calculated from results for each crop district, weighted by a combination of production by crop district using the 2014 total production (Statistics Canada production estimate) combined with an estimate of grade distribution per crop district.

All oil and protein content values discussed below are presented using the Canadian Grain Commission’s historical 8.5% moisture basis in order to permit annual and regional comparisons. Protein and glucosinolate contents of the oil free meal are also presented at 12% moisture to reflect meal trading rules established by the Canadian Oilseed Processors Association (COPA).

Exports of commercially cleaned canola contained up to 2.5% dockage, which will affect quality factors such as oil content, chlorophyll and free fatty acids. Canola exports containing over 2.5% dockage are considered not commercially clean (NCC) and will have even greater reductions in measured quality components.

Canola, No. 1 Canada - Comparison of the quality data of 2014 harvest sample averages with export shipment average
Canola, No. 1 Canada - only 2014
Harvest Sample Program
Exports
November
2014
August to October 2014 August to November 2014 Previous year
2013-14
Quality parameter CCFootnote 4 CCFootnote 4 NCCFootnote 5 CCFootnote 4
Oil contentFootnote 1 (%) 44.2 43.3 43.8 43.2 44.0
Protein contentFootnote 2 (%) 20.1 20.6 20.1 20.3 19.9
Oil-free protein contentFootnote 1, Footnote 2 (%) 38.9 39.1 38.5 38.4 38.2
Oil-free protein contentFootnote 2 (%) at 12% mositure (%) 37.4 37.6 37.0 36.9 36.7
Chlorophyll (mg/kg seed) 13 23 15 18 15
Total glucosinolates (µmoles/g seed) 9.8 12.1 11.8 12.4 12.4
Free fatty acids % 0.18 0.32 0.29 0.32 0.28
Erucic acid (% in oil) 0.01 0.03 0.02 0.06 0.02
Oleic acid (% in oil) 63.2 62.6 63.5 63.3 63.6
α-Linolenic acid (% in oil) 9.2 9.6 9.0 9.0 9.0
Total saturated fatty acidsFootnote 3 (% in oil) 6.7 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.4
Iodine value 112.2 112.9 111.5 111.6 111.5
Distinctly Green seed (DGR, %) 0.59 1.56 0.75 0.87 0.69
Dockage (%) 0.00 1.81 1.71 3.20 1.79
Loading moisture (%) N/A 7.8 7.2 7.7 7.1
Number of export samples N/A 16 48 9 195
Tonnage N/A 530,229.37 1,948,667.99 308,465.64 7,259,801.75

Footnotes

Footnote 1

8.5% moisture basis

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Footnote 2

N x 6.25; 8.5% moisture basis

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Footnote 3

Total saturated fatty acids are the sum of palmitic (C16:0), stearic (C18:0), arachidic (C20:0), behenic (C22:0), and lignoceric (C24:0).

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Footnote 4

CC = Commernically Clean

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Footnote 5

NCC = Not commercially clean
NA = Non applicable

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