Quality of western Canadian canola 2014

Oil content

For Canola, No. 1 Canada, the 2014 mean oil content (44.2%) was lower than the 2013 average (44.8%). This average is lower than the record average observed in 2011 (45.2%).  However, this average is close to the 5-year average (2009 to 2013) of 44.5%.  The oil content mean in Manitoba (43.3%) was lower than in Alberta-Peace River (44.1%) and Saskatchewan (44.5%). The oil content of individual Canola, No. 1 Canada samples harvested in 2014 by producers across western Canada ranged from 39.3% to 48.9% in Manitoba, 38.7% to 50.9% in Saskatchewan and 38.9% to 49.1% in Alberta.

Oil content for Canola, No. 2 Canada (43.3%) was lower than for Canola, No. 1 Canada, (44.2%). Oil content for Canola, No. 2 Canada samples from western Canada ranged from 37.5% to 48.8%.

Oil content is influenced by both genetics and environment. For any known canola variety cool growing conditions will give higher oil content when compared to hot growing conditions.

Mean oil content of commercially clean canola exports of Canola, No. 1 Canada was 43.3% in November 2014 and averaged 43.8% for the August to October 2014 exports. Oil content averages were lower in non-commercially clean exports (43.2 % for August to November 2014 exports) when compared to oil content of commercially clean Canola, No. 1 Canada exports for the same period (43.8%). Oil content means for the actual shipping season is slightly lower than what was observed for the last shipping season (43.8% versus 44.0%). It is expected that the mean oil content of Canadian exports will be in the 43.0-44.0% range for most of the 2014-15 shipping season.

Oil content – 2014 harvest
Canola quality data by grade and province
  Number of samples Oil contentFootnote 1 %
Mean Minimum Maximum.
Canola, No. 1 Canada
Manitoba 335 43.3 39.3 48.9
Saskatchewan 694 44.5 38.7 50.9
AlbertaFootnote 2 559 44.1 38.9 49.1
Western CanadaFootnote 3 1588 44.2 38.7 50.9
Canola, No. 2 Canada
Manitoba 39 42.9 39.1 48.8
Saskatchewan 103 43.7 41.0 47.5
AlbertaFootnote 2 107 42.9 37.5 47.1
Western CanadaFootnote 3 249 43.3 37.5 48.8
Canola, No. 3 Canada
Western CanadaFootnote 3 76 43.1 38.7 48.1
Canola, Sample Canada
Western CanadaFootnote 3 42 42.6 39.7 48.5

Canola, No. 1 Canada - harvest samples, 2000–2014
Oil content of the seed (%,  at 8.5% moisture)

Graph of canola oil content mean from samples 2000-2014. Details in table below.
Table: Oil content mean of harvest samples, 2000-2014 - Canola, No. 1 Canada
Oil content (%, 8.5% moisture basis)
Year Oil content (%, 8.5% moisture basis)
2000 43.18
2001 42.75
2002 42.49
2003 41.82
2004 43.31
2005 44.43
2006 44.6
2007 43.35
2008 44.34
2009 44.52
2010 44.3
2011 45.24
2012 43.53
2013 44.8
2014 43.16

Footnotes

Footnote 1

8.5% moisture basis

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Footnote 2

Includes part of the Peace River area that is in British Columbia

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Footnote 3

Values are weighted averages based on production by province as estimated by Statistics Canada

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