Quality of western Canadian canola 2014

Protein content

Crude protein content averages were 20.2% for Canola, No. 1 Canada, 21.4% for Canola, No. 2 Canada, 21.1% for Canola, No. 3 Canada and 19.9% for Sample. Average protein content for Canola, No. 1 Canada was higher in 2014 (20.2%) than in 2013 (19.7%). This is quite similar to the 5-year average (20.3%). Protein content of individual producer samples ranged from 15.1 to 27.0% for Canola, No. 1 Canada samples and from 16.5 to 28.0% for Canola, No. 2 Canada samples.

In canola, it is known that oil and protein contents follow an inverse relationship: the lower the oil, the higher the protein content. Higher oil contents were observed in 2013 compared to 2014. Likewise, higher protein contents were expected in the 2014 canola harvest when compared to 2013 averages

Average protein of Canola, No. 1 Canada commercially clean exports was 20.6% in November 2014. Average protein was 20.1% for commercially clean Canola. No. 1 Canada exports from August to October 2014. Protein content averages for the actual shipping season are higher than what was observed for last shipping season (19.9% for August 2013 to July 2014). The increase in protein average observed for the 2014 harvest is reflected in the slightly higher protein content averages observed for the August to November 2014 exports when compared to last shipping season, August 2013 to July 2014.

Protein content – 2014 harvest
Canola quality data by grade and province
  Number of samples Protein contentFootnote 1 %
Mean Minimum Maximum.
Canola, No. 1 Canada
Manitoba 335 20.5 16.8 26.0
Saskatchewan 694 19.6 15.1 25.1
AlbertaFootnote 2 559 20.8 17.2 27.0
Western CanadaFootnote 3 1588 20.2 15.1 27.0
Canola, No. 2 Canada
Manitoba 39 20.8 16.5 23.6
Saskatchewan 103 20.5 16.8 24.8
AlbertaFootnote 2 107 21.9 17.1 28.0
Western CanadaFootnote 3 249 21.4 16.5 28.0
Canola, No. 3 Canada
Western CanadaFootnote 3 76 21.1 16.4 24.3
Canola, Sample Canada
Western CanadaFootnote 3 42 19.9 15.2 23.0

2014 protein content calculated to an oil-free meal at 8.5% moisture basis was 38.7%, which is significantly higher than what was observed in 2013 (37.5%) and well below the 40.3% calculated for the 5-year average. The calculated protein content of the oil-free meal (100% defatted at 8.5% moisture) was much higher in Alberta-Peace River (40.1%) than in Manitoba (38.9%) and in Saskatchewan (38.1%).

Trading rules for the North American sale of canola meal requires that calculations for protein claims must be reported on a 12% moisture basis. To enable comparison according to the Canadian Oilseed Processors Association’s meal trading rules, this year, the Canadian Grain Commission also reporst the protein of oil-free meal at 12% moisture. It is to be understood that the reported value is only an indication since this is the maximum meal protein content that could be obtained when a crushing plant is able to extract 100% of the oil from the seeds.

The calculated protein content average of oil-free meal was 39.1% at 8.5% moisture (37.6% at 12% moisture) for November 2014 commercially clean exports of Canola, No. 1 Canada. This result is about 0.9% higher than last shipping season average, the average being 38.2% for commercially clean exports of Canola, No. 1 from August 2013 to July 2014 at 8.5% moisture (36.7% at 12% moisture).

It is expected that the protein content of Canadian exports will be slightly higher than last year, remaining in the 19.5 to 20.5% range for most of the 2014-15 shipping season.

Canola, No. 1 Canada - harvest samples, 2000–2014
Protein content of the seed (%,  at 8.5% moisture)

Graph of canola protein content of the seed mean from samples 2000-2014. Details in table below.
Table: Protein content mean of harvest samples, 2000-2014 - Canola, No. 1 Canada
Protein content (%, 8.5% moisture basis)
Year Protein content (%, 8.5% moisture basis
2000 21.03
2001 22.26
2002 23.21
2003 23.27
2004 21.51
2005 20.46
2006 21.04
2007 21.68
2008 20.75
2009 19.86
2010 20.13
2011 19.62
2012 21.27
2013 19.75
2014 20.2

Canola, No. 1 Canada - harvest samples, 2000–2014
Protein content of the meal (%,  at 12% moisture)

Graph of canola protein content of the meal mean from samples 2000-2014. Details in table below.
Table: Protein content mean of harvest samples, 2000-2014 - Canola, No. 1 Canada
Protein content (%,
12% moisture basis)
Year Protein content (%, 12% moisture basis)
2000 38.08
2001 39.95
2002 41.43
2003 40.98
2004 39.05
2005 38.04
2006 39.27
2007 39.39
2008 38.5
2009 36.99
2010 37.32
2011 37.11
2012 38.8
2013 37
2014 37.46

Footnotes

Footnote 1

N x 6.25; 8.5% moisture basis

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Footnote 2

Includes part of the Peace River area that is in British Columbia

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Footnote 3

Values are weighted averages based on production by province as estimated by Statistics Canada

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