Quality of western Canadian canola 2016 - Oil content

Oil content

For Canola, No.1 Canada, the 2016 mean oil content (44.3%) was identical to the 2015 average (44.2%)(Table 1).  This average is much lower than the record average observed in 2011 (45.2%) .  However, this average is close to the 5-year average (2011-2015) of 44.4% (Figure 6).  The oil content mean in Manitoba (43.5%) was lower than in Alberta-British Columbia (43.9%) and Saskatchewan (44.8%)(Table 1, Figure 6). The oil content of individual Canola, No. 1 Canada samples harvested in 2016 by producers across western Canada ranged from 37.5% to 49.5% in Manitoba, 37.1% to 50.0% in Saskatchewan and 38.9% to 49.5% in Alberta-British Columbia. (Table 3)

Oil content for Canola, No. 2 Canada (42.7%) was lower than for Canola, No. 1 Canada (44.3%). Oil content for Canola, No. 2 Canada samples from western Canada ranged from 37.4% to 48.2%. (Table 3)

Oil content is influenced by both genetics and environment. For any known canola variety cool growing conditions will give higher oil content when compared to hot growing conditions.

Mean oil content of commercially clean canola exports of Canola, No. 1 Canada was 43.8% in December 2016 and averaged 43.5% for the August to November 2016 exports.(Table 6) The oil content average of non-commercially clean exports was 43.7% for August to December 2016 exports.  Last year’s shipping season, commercially clean cargoes of canola averaged 43.2% for oil content (at 8.5% moisture). 

When compared to oil content of the harvest samples, the commercially clean and the non-commercially clean exports of Canola, No. 1 Canada had lower oil content averages due to the dilution of the dockage.  Harvest samples are completely cleaned (0.00% dockage) whereas the dockage averages for the August to November 2016 exports and December 2016 exports were 1.79 and 1.77% respectively for the commercially clean exports.  From August 206 to December 2016, it was found that the dockage ranged from 0.2 to 2.5% for commercially clean canola export shipments.  Dockage average was 2.72% for the August to December 2016 non-commercially (NCC) exports. (Table 6)

It is expected that the mean oil content of Canadian exports will be in the 43.0% range for most of the 2016 to 2017 shipping season.

Figure 6 Canola, No. 1 Canada - harvest samples, 2000 to 2016 - Oil content of the seed (%, at 8.5% moisture)

Oil content of the seed.Details below

  • Details
    Oil content of the seed (%, at 8.5% moisture), 2000 to 2016
    Year Oil content of the seed
    (%, 8.5% moisture)
    2016 Data
    2015 44.2
    2014 44.2
    2013 44.8
    2012 43.5
    2011 45.2
    2010 44.3
    2009 44.5
    2008 44.3
    2007 43.4
    2006 44.6
    2005 44.4
    2004 43.3
    2003 41.8
    2002 42.5
    2001 42.8
    2000 43.2
Table 3 Oil content - 2016 harvest - Canola quality data by grade and province
Number of samples Oil contentFootnote1
Mean Minimum Maximum
Canola, No. 1 Canada
Manitoba 417 43.5 37.5 49.5
Saskatchewan 806 44.8 37.1 50.0
Alberta-British ColumbiaFootnote2 604 43.9 38.9 49.5
Western CanadaFootnote3 1827 44.3 37.1 50.0
Canola, No. 2 Canada
Manitoba 12 41.4 39.2 43.8
Saskatchewan 15 43.6 40.1 48.2
Alberta-British ColumbiaFootnote2 24 42.4 37.4 46.3
Western CanadaFootnote3 51 42.7 37.4 48.2
Canola, No. 3 Canada
Western CanadaFootnote3 11 43.2 41.7 47.1
Canola, Sample Canada
Western CanadaFootnote3 26 41.8 30.4 46.0
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