Western Standards Committee recommendations

The committee makes recommendations to the Canadian Grain Commission at its semi-annual meetings on:

  • Specifications and grain grades which are found in the Official Grain Grading Guide.
  • Standard samples. Elevator operators and Canadian Grain Commission use these to help them determine if a grain sample meets the minimum visual quality for a grade.
  • Grading studies and projects. These include research into grading issues. The committee bases its grading recommendations, in part, on the outcome of grading studies.
October 30, 2019 – Recommendations

No recommendations were brought forward

April 2, 2019 – Recommendations

No recommendations were brought forward

November 1, 2018 – Recommendations

Grading changes

Consistent decimal precision in grading factors

The Western Standards Committee recommended aligning the decimal precision of every grading factor and changing tolerances to use the correct number of decimal places in each table. The Canadian Grain Commission submitted the necessary amendments to Schedule 3 of the Canada Grain Regulations to the Department of Justice.

These changes will take place in two phases.

Phase 1

  1. The Canadian Grain Commission has made the required updates to the OSCAR program using the current tolerances, and these updates will be effective on February 13, 2019.
  2. The adjustment of any decimal precision that does not require a tolerance change will be effective on February 13, 2019. The Official Grain Grading Guide will be updated to reflect these changes.

Phase 2

The following will be effective on July 1, 2019 in eastern Canada and on August 1, 2019 in western Canada.

  1. All tolerance changes required to align the decimal precision of every grading factor.
  2. The necessary amendments to Schedule 3 of the Canada Grain Regulations.

Tolerance for small seeds and roughage in commercial cleanliness for wheat

The Western Standards Committee recommended adjusting the tolerance for small seeds and roughage in wheat from 0.05% to 0.1% effective February 13, 2019. The attrition and total small seeds, attrition and roughage tolerances will remain the same at 0.1%.

Standards samples and prints

The Western Standards Committee recommended the following standard samples and prints for the 2018-2019 crop year, effective November 26, 2018.

Standard samples

  • Wheat, No. 2 Canada Western Red Spring Frost/Heat Stress
  • Wheat, No. 3 Canada Western Red Spring Frost/Heat Stress

Standard prints

  • Lentils, Canada, other than Red, Good Natural Colour
  • Lentils, Canada, other than Red, Reasonably Good Natural Colour
  • Lentils, Canada, other than Red, Fair Colour
  • Lentils, Canada, other than Red, Reasonably Good Natural Colour (Adhered Soil)
  • Lentils, Canada, other than Red Fair Colour (Adhered Soil)
  • Peas, No. 1 Canada Yellow
  • Peas, No. 2 Canada Yellow
  • Soybeans, No. 1 Canada Yellow
  • Soybeans, No. 2 Canada Yellow
April 6, 2018 - Recommendations

Standard samples and guide samples

The Western Standards Committee recommended that the standard samples for wheat, which have a combination of mildew and frost/heat stress, be repealed and the mildew and frost/heat stress guide samples, which are currently in place, be approved as the new mildew standard and frost/heat stress standard samples as of August 1, 2018. As of this date, mildew and frost/heat stress will be evaluated individually using the applicable standard samples.

For the 2018-2019 crop year, the Canadian grain Commission approved the use of standard samples as listed in the trade memo “New standard samples for assessing mildew and frost/heat stress in wheat – Revised”

October 31, 2017 – Recommendations

Standard samples and guide samples

No new standard samples and guide samples were adopted. Standard samples and guide samples previously adopted for other grades and grains will continue to be used.

April 3, 2017 – Recommendations

Guide samples

The following guide samples have been removed from use, effective April 3, 2017. Standard samples and guide samples previously adopted for other grades and grains will continue to be used.

Mildew guides

  • Wheat, No. 1 Canada Western Hard White Spring, 2012
  • Wheat, No. 2 Canada Western Hard White Spring, 2012
  • Wheat, No. 4 Canada Western Amber Durum, 2004
  • Wheat, No. 3 Canada Western Red Winter, 2014
November 3, 2016 - Recommendations

Grading changes

Ergot tolerance for fababeans and chickpeas

Effective August 1, 2017, all grades of fababeans and chickpeas will have an ergot tolerance of 0.05% in western Canada.

Tolerance for grasshopper and army worm damage

Effective August 1, 2017, the tolerance for grasshopper and army worm damage in No. 3 Canada Western Red Spring, No. 3 Canada Western Hard White Spring and No. 3 Canada Northern Hard Red wheat will be tightened from 8% to 6%.

Standard samples and guide samples

The following new standard samples and guide samples are effective November 15, 2016. Standard samples and guide samples previously adopted for other grades and grains will continue to be used.

Standard samples

  • Soybeans, No. 1 Canada Yellow
  • Peas, No. 1 Canada Yellow
  • Peas, No. 2 Canada Yellow
  • Peas, No. 2 Canada Green

Mildew guides

  • Wheat, No. 1 Canada Western Red Spring
  • Wheat, No. 2 Canada Western Red Spring
  • Wheat, No. 3 Canada Western Red Spring
  • Wheat, No. 1 Canada Western Amber Durum
  • Wheat, No. 2 Canada Western Amber Durum
  • Wheat, No. 3 Canada Western Amber Durum
  • Wheat, No. 1 Canada Western Red Winter
  • Wheat, No. 2 Canada Western Red Winter
April 5, 2016 - Recommendations

Grading changes

New grading tables for wheat

Effective August 1, 2016, the Canadian Grain Commission will adopt primary and export grade determinant tables for the new Canada Northern Hard Red and Canada Western Special Purpose wheat classes. The Canadian Grain Commission will publish the tables before August 1.

Degree of soundness in oats

Effective August 1, 2016, “poor colour” will be added to the definition for degree of soundness for Oats, No. 4 Canada Western.

Elimination of three wheat classes

On August 1, 2016, these wheat classes will be eliminated

  • Canada Western Interim Wheat
  • Canada Western General Purpose
  • Canada Western Feed

Varieties from these classes will move as follows:

  • Varieties in the Canada Western Interim Wheat class will move to the Canada Northern Hard Red class
  • Varieties in the Canada Western General Purpose and Canada Western Feed classes will move to the Canada Western Special Purpose class.

Definitions

Standard samples, standard prints and guide samples
Standard samples, standard prints and guide samples are grading tools that the Canadian Grain Commission prepares each year. Members of the Western Standards Committee examine these tools and recommend their use. Inspectors from grain companies and the Canadian Grain Commission use these tools when they are grading grain.

Standard samples and standard prints reflect the proportion of such factors as mildew seen in this year’s harvest. Standard prints are digital photographs rather than physical samples of grain. They are exactly the same as standard samples in all other respects.

Guide samples are similar to standard samples. However, each guide sample represents a single visual grading factor, not a combination of factors.
Primary standard sample
A primary standard samples is prepared for most grades of grain and represent as nearly as possible the minimum quality of each grade, considering the predominant grading factors in the current crop. It is used as visual guides to grading grain before and on delivery at terminal elevators, and on shipments from terminal elevators when no export standard sample is established for a grade.

Related links

Date modified: