Canary seed: Classes, types and varieties

Note: The Canadian Grain Commission has designated canary seed an official grain under the Canada Grain Act effective August 1, 2021. The canary seed chapter of the Official Grain Grading Guide is posted for reference only until that time.

Types

There are two main types of canary seed, itchy and hairless.

Itchy

The term refers to varieties which have tiny, sharp hairs (spicules) attached to the hull.

Hairless

The term refers to varieties which don’t have tiny hairs (spicules) attached to the hull. These varieties are commonly referred to as glabrous.

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