Frequently asked questions
Questions about regulations?
We can help. Check out our Frequently Asked Questions about the Canadian Grain Regulations.
1. If I disagree with the grade at a primary elevator, who has the final say over grading?
The Canadian Grain Commission has the final say. If you deliver your grain to a licensed primary elevator and disagree with the grade, protein or amount of dockage assigned to your grain, you have the right to ask the elevator operator to send a representative sample to us so we can assign a grade, protein or dockage that will be binding on the grain company and the producer.
This right is known as Subject to Inspector’s Grade and Dockage. This right does not currently exist if you deliver your grain to a process elevator or sell to a grain dealer.
2. When will grain grading move from a visual basis to falling number?
There are no plans to replace visual grading with falling number. Visual inspection assesses many factors affecting processing and product quality, and it does it quickly and cheaply. Falling number, while important to processors, is only one factor that must be considered when evaluating grain quality. The industry currently uses sprouted kernel assessment as a proxy for falling number. On request we conduct falling number tests on wheat exports.
3. Why is Canada still grading grains visually?
Most countries include a visual inspection component in their grain grading practices. Visual grading may seem subjective in nature; however, it is a reliable method of detecting factors that affect end-use quality and safety. The impact of these factors on the overall quality of grain has been studied extensively in our Grain Research Laboratory. Through this research, we have established acceptable tolerances for various grading factors to ensure the safety and end-use qualities of grain. We are currently working to develop technology which will make grain grading more objective. For this technology to be acceptable, it must be able to work as well in an elevator environment as it does in a laboratory, be affordable and not be too time consuming.
4. Is the Canadian Grain Commission responsible for registering new varieties of grains?
No, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency is responsible for registering new varieties of grains to be grown in Canada. It does so through a series of recommending committees composed of experts in all aspects of the respective commodity’s value chain. The Canadian Grain Commission’s research and inspection staff serve on these committees and provide their expertise. As well, we are responsible for maintaining lists of registered varieties designated for each wheat class, barley, and flaxseed. These lists are known as variety designation lists.
5. Which grains are protected by security at the Canadian Grain Commission?
Producers delivering any of the official grains listed in the Canada Grain Regulations are protected by our security program at licensed elevators. The official grains are:
- Chick Peas
- Mixed Grain
- Mustard Seed
- Safflower Seed
- Sunflower Seed
If you deliver any of the grains on the list above to a licensed grain company and if they are unwilling or unable to pay you, you have the right to submit a claim for compensation through the Payment Protection Program.
However, if you deliver a grain that isn’t on the list to an elevator or grain dealer and they do not pay you, you are not covered under the Payment Protection Program. Similarly, you won’t be covered if you deliver grain of any kind to an elevator or grain dealer that isn’t licensed by us.
Payment for your grain deliveries is protected, but only for a specified period of time. Be aware of the timelines to ensure that you are paid for your delivery.
6. Where can I find information about selling my grain in the United States?
You can find information regarding a number of topics on the Canada-U.S. Grain and Seed Trade web site. Topics include:
- Finding a Buyer
- Grading System
- Contract and Pricing
- Crossing the Border
- Regarding the Delivery of Grain
- Settlement – Payment
- Check-offs, Taxes and Other Deductions
- Relevant Regulations and Standards
The Canada-U.S. Grain and Seed Trade web site is not under the control of the Government of Canada and we are providing a link solely for the convenience of users. Details can be found under the Linking to non-Government of Canada websites section of Terms and conditions.
7. Can I grow and sell wheat and barley varieties from the United States?
The Canada Seeds Act and Regulations, administered by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency, prohibits the import of any varieties of seed from the United States for commercial production and sale in Western Canada.
To be eligible to be graded as a Canadian class of wheat or barley, the variety you are growing must be on a variety designation list maintained by the Canadian Grain Commission. If you deliver an unregistered variety of wheat or barley to a licensed elevator in Canada, your delivery is only eligible for either the lowest statutory grade of that class, or feed.
However, nothing prevents a producer and a Canadian grain company from negotiating a contract based on quality specifications outside of the statutory grading system for the delivered grain, regardless of the variety.
8. Where can I buy Canadian cereal grains, oilseeds, peas, beans and lentils?
We offer a list of marketing and producer organizations that can provide information and contacts to anyone who is interested in buying Canadian grains.
9. What do I need to do to be able to buy grains from Western Canadian producers?
To be eligible to buy grains from Western Canadian producers, you must be licensed by us. There are several steps you must follow when applying for a licence.
10. Where can I find information on crop production in Canada?
The Canadian Grain Commission provides statistics about grain in Canada, including information about grain elevators, grain exports, deliveries and other grain-related subjects.
For more information about crop production in Canada, including information on crops such as wheat and canola, please visit the following:
- Crops Market Information - Canadian Industry – Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
- Canada: Outlook for Principal Field Crops – Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
- Field and Special Crops (Seeded Area) – Statistics Canada
- Field and Special Crops (Production) – Statistics Canada
- Annual Grain Monitor Reports on the Canadian grain handling and transportation system – Quorum Corporation. (Note: Crop production information is in the data tables accompanying each report. These tables are Excel or PDF files.)
11. Where can I find information about how to dry grain safely?
- All types of grain
- Barley and wheat
- Canola and soybeans
12. Where can I find information about employment opportunities at the Canadian Grain Commission?
Information about employment opportunities in the federal public service that are open to the general public is posted on the Careers in the federal public service web site (Public Service Commission of Canada). Job postings which are open to the general public are included on this site.
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