Quality of western Canadian mustard 2014

Introduction

This report presents information on the oil, protein and glucosinolate content and the fatty acid composition of oriental (Brassica juncea), brown (Brassica juncea) and yellow (Sinapis alba) mustard grown in western Canada in 2014. The data was obtained from analyses of harvest samples collected by the Canadian Grain Commission.

Figure 1. Mustard crops grown in Canada

Yellow mustard (Sinapis alba)

Yellow mustard (Sinapis alba)

Brown mustard (Brassica juncea)

Brown mustard (Brassica juncea)

Oriental mustard (Brassica juncea)

Oriental mustard (Brassica juncea)

Summary

Mean fixed oil content for the top grade for oriental and yellow mustard in the 2014 harvest was similar to the 10-year average: oriental (42.7% versus 42.5%); yellow (30.7% versus 30.6%), while for brown it was lower (37.9% versus 39.1%) (Figures 2, 3 and 4). Mean crude protein for the top grade brown mustard was identical to the 10-year average (26.8%). Mean crude protein content for yellow and oriental was lower: yellow (30.9% vs 31.3%), oriental (25.5% versus 26.2%) (Figures 2, 3 and 4). Glucosinolate content in the top grade mustard was 109 micromoles for oriental and 99 micromoles per gram for brown, lower than the 10-year average of 123 micromoles per gram for oriental and 107 micromoles per gram for brown mustard (Figure 5).

Contact

Bert J. Siemens
Chemist, Oilseeds Services, Grain Research Laboratory
1404-303 Main Street
Winnipeg MB  R3C 3G8
Telephone: 204-984-6991
Toll-free: 1-800-853-6705
Fax: 204-983-0724
Email: bert.siemens@grainscanada.gc.ca

Alternate format

Quality of western Canadian mustard, 2014 (PDF, 372 kb)