Quality of western Canadian mustard 2015

Quality of domestic mustard seed: Oriental and Brown

Mean fixed oil content (43.2%) in Oriental Mustard, No. 1 Canada was higher than the mean in 2014 (42.7%). Meanwhile, mean crude protein content (25.3%) was similar to the 2014 mean (25.5%). Fixed oil content in samples of Oriental Mustard, No. 1 Canada from producers ranged from 36.9 to 53.7%, whereas protein content ranged from 19.3 to 31.7%.

Quality of 2015 western Canadian mustard: Oriental and Brown
Grade No. of samples Oil content % Footnote 1 Protein content % Footnote 2 Glucosinolate content µmole/g Footnote 3
Mean Min. Max. Mean Min. Max. Mean Min. Max.
Domestic mustard seed, Canada, Oriental
No. 1 - Average 63 43.2 36.9 53.7 25.3 19.3 31.7 127 72 155
  Saskatchewan 57 43.6

37.5

53.7 24.9 19.3 30.7 125 72 144
  Alberta 6 39.0 36.9 42.4 29.5 26.2 31.7 152 134 155
No. 2 15 41.2 38.4 43.5 26.8 25.0 29.2 127 76 149
No. 3 2 39.1 38.4 39.8 29.3 28.8 29.8 133 129 137
No. 4 2 38.6 36.4 39.8 29.3 28.8 29.8 146 140 151
Sample 1 41.0 - - 25.5 - - 124 - -
Cutlass, No. 1 39 43.7 37.5 53.7 25.3 19.3 30.8 125 72 141
Forge, No. 1 24 42.0 36.9 46.1 25.5 21.0 31.7 129 99 155
Domestic mustard seed, Canada, Brown
No. 1 - Average 36 37.4 34.3 42.0 27.7 24.3 30.7 112 96 129
  Saskatchewan 30 37.1 34.3 39.8 27.9 25.4 30.7 112 96 129
  Alberta 6 38.6 34.8 42.0 26.9 24.3 28.7 110 96 111
No. 2 5 34.9 33.7 35.7 30.5 29.5 32.4 126 110 139
No. 3 3 37.4 33.2 42.2 27.4 23.9 30.9 110 60 138
No. 4 1 35.1 - - 29.5 - - 121 - -
Sample 5 36.2 32.0 40.1 27.4 24.0 29.6 106 91 141
entennial Br., No. 1 22 37.4 34.3 42.0 27.5 24.3 30.7 115 96 129
Oriental mustard, No. 1 Canada
Oil and protein content of harvest samples, 2005-2015

Graph - Oil and protein content of Oriental Mustard, No. 1 Canada, 2005-2015. Details below.

Details
Oriental mustard, No. 1 Canada - Oil and protein content of harvest samples, 2005-2015
  2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 ten-year average
Oil 44.4 42.7 41.8 37.6 42.0 43.4 43.4 43.5 41.4 44.9 42.7 42.5
Protein 25.1 26.2 26.6 28.6 27.1 26.3 26.2 25.2 26.4 24.2 25.5 26.2

Mean fixed oil content (37.4%) in Brown Mustard, No. 1 Canada was lower than the mean in 2014 (37.9%). Meanwhile, mean crude protein content (27.7%) was higher than the 2014 mean (26.8%). Fixed oil content in samples of Brown Mustard, No. 1 Canada from producers ranged from 34.3 to 42.0% while the protein content ranged from 24.3 to 30.7%.

Brown mustard, No. 1 Canada
Oil and protein content of harvest samples, 2005-2015

Graph - Oil and protein content of Brown Mustard, No. 1 Canada, 2005-2015. Details below.

Details
Brown mustard, No. 1 Canada - Oil and protein content of harvest samples, 2005-2015
  2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 ten-year average
Oil 42.7 41.8 37.6 42.0

43.4

43.4 43.5 41.4 44.9 42.7 43.2 42.3
Protein 26.2 26.6 28.6 27.1 26.3 26.2 25.2 26.4 24.2 25.5 25.3 26.2

Total glucosinolate content in Oriental Mustard, No.1 Canada was 127 micromoles per gram, a value higher than in 2014 at The value for Brown Mustard, No.1 Canada was also higher than the value for 2014, 112 versus 99 micromoles per gram. Total glucosinolate content in samples of Oriental Mustard, No. 1 Canada from producers ranged from 72 to 155 micromoles per gram.  Total glucosinolate content in samples of Brown Mustard, No. 1 Canada from producers ranged from 96 to 129 micromoles per gram.

Oriental and Brown mustard, No. 1 Canada
Glucosinolate content of harvest samples, 2005-2015

Graph - Glucosinolate content of Oriental and Brown Mustard, No. 1 Canada, 2005-2015. Details below.

Details
Oriental and Brown mustard, No. 1 Canada - Glucosinolate content of harvest samples, 2005-2015
  2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 ten-year average
Oriental 130 131 143 124 119 123 113 117 108 109 127 122
Brown 108 108 114 113 112 111 100 105 96 99 112 107

Erucic acid (C22:1) levels for Oriental Mustard, No.1 Canada (22.3%) and Brown Mustard, No.1 Canada (23.6%) were slightly higher than the 2014 values (21.8% and 23.2% respectively for 2014). These values for oriental and brown mustard are typical of Brassica juncea condiment mustards.

Total saturated fatty acids for Mustard, No.1 Canada composites was 5.9%, which was similar to last year’s values of 6.0%. There were only small changes in the levels of oleic, linoleic and linolenic acid (C18:3). As a result, the iodine value (an indicator of oil unsaturation) was similar to 2014 values for both oriental and brown mustard at 118 and 120 units, respectively.

Chlorophyll content was 1.7 and 4.4 milligrams per kilogram for Oriental and Brown Mustard, No. 1 Canada, respectively. The lower grades in both types had higher levels of chlorophyll, ranging from 2.2 to 14.5 milligrams per kilogram.

Fatty acid composition of 2015 western Canadian mustard
Category No. of samples Fatty acid composition (%)Footnote 4 Saturated fatty acidsFootnote 5 Iodine value
C18:0 C18:1 C18:2 C18:3 C22:1
Domestic mustard seed, Canada, Oriental
No. 1 - Average 63 1.5 21.8 21.5 12.5 22.3 5.9 118
  Saskatchewan 57 1.5 21.9 21.4 12.4 22.3 5.9 118
  Alberta 6 1.4 20.8 22.1 12.6 22.7 5.9 119
No. 2 15 1.4 20.3 21.9 12.9 23.0 5.8 119
No. 3 2 1.4 20.7 22.6 12.9 22.2 5.9 120
No. 4 2 1.3 18.9 20.9 13.4 24.2 5.7 119
Sample 1 1.6 24.7 24.2 12.4 18.3 6.3 120
Cutlass, No. 1 39 1.4 20.2 20.7 12.8 23.9 5.8 118
Forge, No. 2 24 1.6 24.5 23.0 11.9 19.3 6.1 119
Domestic mustard seed, Canada, Brown
No. 1 - Average 36 1.2 18.7 21.1 13.9 23.6 5.9 120
  Saskatchewan 30 1.2 18.5 21.1 14.0 23.7 5.9 120
  Alberta 6 1.4 19.9 21.0 13.7 23.1 6.0 119
No. 2 5 1.2 18.5 21.2 14.0 23.8 5.9 120
No. 3 3 1.3 19.6 21.6 13.6 22.7 6.1 120
No. 4 1 1.2 16.7 21.8 14.6 24.4 5.9 122
Sample 5 1.3 19.4 21.6 13.2 22.9 6.2 119
Centennial Br., No. 1 22 1.2 18.8 20.8 14.0 23.7 5.9 120
Chlorophyll content and distinctly green range in 2015 western Canadian mustard
Category No. of samples Chlorophyll mg/kg Distinctly green (% DGR) Footnote 6 DGR range (%)
Domestic mustard seed, Canada, Oriental
No. 1 - Average 63 1.7 0.18 0.0-1.2
  Saskatchewan 57 1.7 0.17 0.0-1.2
  Alberta 6 1.3 0.23 0.0-0.8
No. 2 15 3.9 0.09 0.0-0.8
No. 3 2 2.2 0.10 0.2
No. 4 2 2.9 0.00 0.0
Sample 1 7.3 1.20 -
Cutlass, No. 1 33 1.8
Forge, No. 1 20 1.7
Domestic mustard seed, Canada, Brown
No. 1 - Average 36 4.4 0.10 0.0-0.6
  Saskatchewan 30 4.4 0.11 0.0-0.6
  Alberta 6 4.7 0.03 0.0-0.2
No. 2 5 4.0 0.05 0.0-0.6
No. 3 3 2.9 0.00 0.0
No. 4 1 14.5 1.50 -
Sample 5 5.8 0.00 0.0
Centennial Br., No. 1 38 3.7
Oriental, Brown and Yellow Mustard, No. 1 Canada
Chlorophyll content of harvest samples, 2009-2015

Graph - Chlorophyll content of Oriental and Brown Mustard, No. 1 Canada, 2009-2015. Details below.

Details
Oriental, Brown and Yellow mustard, No. 1 Canada - Chlorophyll content of harvest samples, 2009-2015
  2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Average 2009-2015
Oriental 2.5 1.5 1.6 2.1 1.5 2.4 1.7 1.9
Brown 3.6 4.7 3.2 2.5 2.8 2.9 4.4 3.3
Yellow 1.1 0.8 0.6 1.0 0.6 0.9 0.8 0.8

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Dry matter basis

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

% N x 6.25; dry matter basis

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Footnote 3

Total glucosinolates (µmoles/g); dry matter basis - ISO 9167-3:2007 (Glucose Release).

Return to footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Percentage of total fatty acids including: stearic (C18:0), oleic (C18:1), linoleic (C18:2), linolenic (C18:3), erucic (C22:1)

Return to footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

Saturated fatty acids are defined as the sum of C16:0, C18:0, C20:0, C22:0, and C24:0.

Return to footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Distinctly green tolerances are applied to crushed seeds which are a distinct green throughout. Pale green or immature seeds are taken into account in the evaluation of colour. The % DGR results are the averages of the individual samples included in the composite.

Return to footnote 6 referrer