Canadian Grain Commission
Symbol of the Government of Canada

The implications of frequently encountered grading factors on the processing quality of common wheat

6. Literature cited

Barnes, H.F. 1956. Gall Midges of Economic Importance: Gall Midges of Cereal Crops. Vol. VII. Crosby, Lockwood and Son Ltd., London, UK, pp. 57-80.

Boyacioglu, D. and Hettiarachchy, N. S., 1995. Changes in some biochemical components of wheat grain that was infected with Fusarium graminearum. J. Cereal Sci. 21: 57-62.

Bechtel, D. B., Kaleikau, L. A., Gaines, R. L., and Seitz, L. M. 1985. The effects of Fusarium graminearum infection on wheat kernels. Cereal Chem. 62: 191-197.

Buchanan, A.M. and Nicholas, E.M. 1980. Sprouting, alpha-amylase, and bread-making quality. Proc. 2nd Int. Sprouting Symp., Cambridge, England. M.D. Gale and V. Stoy, eds. Cereal Res. Commun. 8:23-28

Chamberlain, N., Collins, T.H., and McDermott, E.E. 1983. The influence of alpha-amylase on loaf properties in the U.K. Pages 841-845 in: Progress in Cereal Science and Technology. J. Holas and J. Kratochvil, eds. Elsevier Science Publishers: Amsterdam.

Dexter, J.E. 1993. End-use quality implications of grading factors in wheat. Pages 697-722 in: Grain and Oilseeds: Handling, Marketing, Processing. 4th Edition. E.J. Bass, ed. Canadian International Grains Institute, Winnipeg, Canada.

Dexter, J.E. and Tipples, K.H. 1987. Wheat milling at the Grain Research Laboratory. Part 3. Effect of grading factors on wheat quality. Milling 180(7):16,18-20.

Dexter, J.E., Martin, D.G., Preston, K.R. and MacGregor, A.W. 1985. The effect of frost damage on the milling and baking quality of red spring wheat. Cereal Chem. 62:75-80.

Dexter, J.E., Preston, K.R., Cooke, L.A., Morgan, B.C., Kruger, J.E., Kilborn, R.H. and Elliott, R.H. 1987. The influence of orange wheat blossom midge (Sitodiplosis mosellana Géhin) damage on hard red spring wheat quality and the effectiveness of insecticide treatments. Can J. Plant Sci. 67:697-712.

Dexter, J.E., Marchylo, B.A., MacGregor, A.W. and Tkachuk, R. 1989. The structure and protein composition of vitreous, piebald and starchy durum whet kernels. J. Cereal Sci. 10:19-32.

Dexter, J.E., Clear, R.M. and Preston, K.R. 1996. Fusarium head blight: Effect on the milling and baking of some Canadian wheats. Cereal Chem. 73:695-701.

Fajardo, J.E., Dexter, J.E., Roscoe, M.M. and Dexter, J.E. 1995. Retention of ergot alkaloids in wheat during processing. Cereal Chem. 72:291-298.

Fritzsche, R. and Wolffgang, H. 1959. Beeinflussung des Saatgutwertes under Backqualität des Weizens durch Weizengallmückenbefall. (The effect of wheat midge infestation on seed value and baking quality of wheat). Zeitschr. Pflanzenkrankh 66:645-653.

Ibrahim, Y. and D'Appolonia, B.L. 1979. Sprouting in hard red spring wheat. Bakers Dig. 53(5):17-19.

Kruger, J.E. 1981. Severity of sprouting as a factor influencing the distribution of amylase in pilot flour mill streams. Can. J. Plant Sci. 61:817-828.

Kruger, J.E. 1994. Enzymes of sprouted grains and possible technological significance. Pages 143-153 in: Wheat: Production, Properties and Quality. W. Bushuk and V. Rasper, eds. Blackie Academic and Professional, Glasgow, U.K.

Kruger, J.E. and Tipples, K.H. 1980. Relationship between falling number, amylograph viscosity and alpha-amylase activity in Canadian wheat. Proc. 2nd Int. Sprouting Symp., Cambridge, England. M.D. Gale and V. Stoy eds. Cereal Res.Commun. 8:97-105.

Kruger, J.E., Hatcher, D.W. and Dexter, J.E. 1996. Influence of sprout damage on Oriental noodle quality. Pages 9-18 in: Proc. 7th International Symposium on Pre-Harvest Sprouting, Hokkaido, Japan, 1995.

Lorenz, K. 1979. Ergot in cereal grains. CRC Crit. Rev. Food Sci. Nutri. 11:311-354.

Mantle, P.G. 1977a. The genus Claviceps. Pages 83-89 in: Mycotoxic Fungi, Mycotoxins, Mycotoxicoses: An Encyclopedia Handbook. T.D. Wyllie and L.G. Morehouse, eds. Marcell Dekker: New York.

Mantle, P.G. 1977b. Chemistry of Claviceps micotoxins. Pages 421-426 in: Mycotoxic Fungi, Mycotoxins, Mycotoxicoses: An Encyclopedia Handbook. T.D. Wyllie and L.G. Morehouse, eds. Marcell Dekker: New York.

Miller, B.S. and Halton, P. 1961. The damage to wheat kernels caused by the wheat blossom midge (Sitodiplosis mosellana). J. Sci. food Agric. 12:391-398.

Moot, D. and Every, D. 1990. A comparison of bread baking, falling number, alpha-amylase assay, and visual method for the assessment of pre-harvest sprouting in wheat. J. Cereal Sci. 11:225-234.

Parry, D.W., Jenkinson, P. and McLeod, L. 1995. Fusarium ear blight (scab) in small grain cereals - a review. Plant Pathology 44:207-238.

Phillips, D.P. and Niernberger, F.F. 1976. Milling and baking quality of yellow berry and dark, hard and vitrous wheats. Bakers Digest 50(2):42,44,46-48.

Pomeranz, Y. Shogren, M.D., Bolte, L.C. and Finney, K.F. 1976. Functional properties of dark, hard and yellow hard red winter wheat. Bakers Digest 50(2):35-40.

Pomeranz, Y., Bechtel, D.B., Sauer, D.B. and Seitz, L.M. 1990. Fusarium head blight (scab) in cereal grains. Pages 373-433 in : Advances in Cereal Science and Technology. Vol. X. Y. Pomeranz, ed. AACC: St. Paul, MN.

Preston, K.R. and Symons, S.J. 1993. Measurement of heat damage in wheat by assessment of protein fibril formation. J. Cereal Sci. 18:53-59.

Preston, K.R., Morgan, B.C., Kilborn, R.H. and Tipples, K.H. 1989. Assessment of heat damage in Canadian hard red spring wheats. Can. Inst. Food Sci. Tech. J. 22:63-69.

Preston, K.R., Kilborn, R.H., Morgan, B.C., and Babb, J.C. 1991. Effects of frost and immaturity on the quality of a Canadian hard red spring wheat. Cereal Chem. 68:133-138.

Rees, R.G., Martin, D.J. and Law, D.P. 1984. Black point in bread wheat: Effects on quality and germination, and fungal associations. Aust. J. Exp. Anim. Husb. 24:601-605.

Scott, P.M., Kanhere, S.R., Lau, P.-Y., Dexter, J.E. and Greenhalgh, R. 1983. Effects of experimental flour milling and breadmaking on retention of deoxynivalenol (vomitoxin) in hard red spring wheat. Cereal Chem. 60:421-424.

Scott, P.M., Kanhere, Dexter, J.E., Brennan, P.W. and Trenholm, H.L. 1984. Distribution of the trichothecene mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (vomitoxin) during the milling of naturally contaminated hard red spring wheat and its fate in baked products. Food Additives Contaminants 1:313-323.

Scott, P.M., Lombart, G.A., Pellaers, P., Bacler, S. and Lappi, J. 1992. Ergot alkaloids in grain foods sold in Canada. J. AOAC Int. 75:773-779.

Seckinger, H.L. and Wolf, M.J. 1970. Electron microscopy of endosperm protein from hard and soft wheats. Cereal Chem. 47:236-243.

Seitz, L. M., Eustace, W. D., Mohr, H. E., Shogren, M. D., and Yamazaki, W. T. 1986. Cleaning, milling, and baking tests with hard red winter wheat containing deoxynivalenol. Cereal Chem. 63: 146-150.

Simmonds, D.H. 1974. Chemical basis of hardness and vitreosity in the wheat kernel. Bakers Digest 48(10):16-20,22,24,26-29,63.

Tipples, K.H. and Kilborn, R.H. 1974. 'Baking strength index' and the relation of protein content to loaf volume. Can. J. Plant Sci. 54:231-234.

Tipples, K.H., Kilborn, R.H. and Bushuk, W. 1966. Effect of malt and sprouted wheat on baking. Cereal Sci. today 11:362-364,366-368,370.375.418.

Tkachuk, R., Dexter, J.E., Tipples, K.H. and Nowicki, T.W. 1991a. Removal of tombstone kernels from Fusarium head blight infected wheat on a specific gravity table. Cereal Chem. 68:428-431.

Thachuk, R., Dexter, J.E. and Tipples, K.H. 1991. Removal of sprouted kernels from hard red spring wheat with a specific gravity table. Cereal Chem. 68:390-395.

Trigo-Stokli, D.M., Deyoe, C.W., Satumbaga, R.F., and Pedersen, J.R. 1996. Distribution of deoxynivalenol and zearalenone in milled fractions of wheat. Cereal Chem. 73:388-391.

Williams, P.C. and Sobering, D.C. 1986. Attempts at standardization of hardness testing of wheat. I. The grinding/sieving (particle size index) method. Cereal Foods World 31:417-420.