Quality of Canadian non-food grade soybeans 2013
Weather and production review
Soybeans are mainly grown in southern Ontario, southern Quebec and southern Manitoba.
The growing season in southern Ontario and southern Quebec was hot and dry in 2013. Seeding occurred early in Ontario and Quebec due to warm temperatures and dry soil conditions. Precipitation was average to below average, which aided in seeding. Total accumulated precipitation for the month of July ranged from 65 to 55 mm for Ontario and 109 to 118 mm for Quebec. A relatively dry fall aided in harvest.
The weather on the prairies played an important role in providing a good quality crop. April temperatures were 4 to 5 degrees lower than average, which delayed seeding for about 2 to 3 weeks when compared to last year. The majority of seeding was completed by late May to early June.
Cooler temperatures in midsummer helped to increase oil content in the developing seed. A warm September and the absence of frost allowed crops to fully mature.
Weather maps for the entire growing season can be found at can be found at Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada web site.
Production and grade information
Soybean production in Canada increased from 4.9 million tonnes in 2012 to 5.1 million tonnes in 2013 (Table 1). In Ontario, production was 3.1 million tonnes, a decrease from 2012. Production was higher than in 2012 in both Quebec (847,000 tonnes) and Manitoba (1.1 million tonnes). (Table 2)
Compared to 2012, yields from harvested areas in eastern regions were lower; in western regions, they were higher. In Ontario, the yield was 3.0 tonnes/hectare, a decrease from last year’s 3.2 tonnes/hectare. In Quebec, the harvested yield was 2.9 tonnes/hectare, a decrease from last year’s 3.0 tonnes/hectare. The harvested yield for Manitoba in 2013 was 2.5 tonnes/hectare, an increase from last year’s 2.4 tonnes/hectare.
Harvest survey samples submitted to the Canadian Grain Commission from Ontario, Quebec, Manitoba and Saskatchewan were graded by Canadian Grain Commission inspectors.
In the 2013 survey, 98% of the samples submitted were in the top 2 grades. More than half of these samples came from the eastern region. The remaining 2% of samples received were graded Soybean, No. 3 Canada and lower.
|Year||Seeded area (hectares)||Production (tonnes)||Yield (tonnes/ha)|
Source: Statistics Canada, CANSIM table 001-0010
|Province||Seeded area||Production||Average production|
|thousand hectares||thousand tonnes||thousand tonnes|
Source: Statistics Canada, CANSIM table 001-0010, CANSIM (database).
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