Quality of Canadian non-food grade soybeans 2013

Oil and protein content

Oil and protein data  are based on the means of Soybean, No. 1 and No. 2 Canada grades combined for all non-food grade samples received from Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Saskatchewan and Manitoba (Table 3). In addition, a comparison by all grades and provinces is provided in Table 5. 

The average oil content was 21.0%, which was lower than the 2012 average of 21.9% and the 5-year average (2008-2012) of 21.6% (Tables 3 and 5).  Individual producer samples ranged from 18.3% to 24.1% (Table 4). 

The average protein content was 40.2%, which was higher than last year’s average of 39.3% and the 5-year average (2008-2012) of 39.4% (Tables 3 and 5).  Individual producer samples ranged from 32.3% to 44.6% (Table 4). 

As Table 5 shows, in Ontario, the average oil content was 21.1%, 0.8% lower than the average in 2012, while protein content increased to 40.5%.  In Quebec, oil content decreased to 18.6%, while protein content  increased to 41.3%.  In Manitoba, the average oil content  was 21.1%, 1.0% lower than the average in  2012.  The average protein content for Manitoba was 39.7%, which is lower than the 2012 average of 38.1%. 

Variations in the oil and protein content between eastern and western regions can be seen in the top 2 grades.  While quality parameters can be strongly affected by environmental conditions, the variety of soybean planted, plus soil fertility, can also affect quality parameters. The inverse relationship between oil and protein content is illustrated in Figure 4 for both regions.

Table 4. Oil and protein content of 2013 non-food grade soybean survey by province and grade
Province No. of samples Oil content, % (dry matter basis) Protein content, % (N x 6.25, dry matter basis)
mean min. max. mean min. max.
Soybean, No. 1 Canada
Manitoba 3 21.6 20.6 22.6 37.7 36.6 41
Ontario 60 21.5 18.7 23.6 40.6 38.6 42.8
PEI 1 20 N/A Footnote 1 N/A Footnote 1 39.4 N/A Footnote 1 N/A Footnote 1
All provinces 64 21.5 18.7 23.6 40.5 36.6 42.8
Soybean, No. 2 Canada
Manitoba 62 21 18.3 24.1 39.7 35.7 44.6
Saskatchewan 15 21.7 19.2 22.2 39.6 37.1 41.7
Ontario 159 21 18.6 23.4 40.4 32.3 43.6
Quebec 10 18.6 18.5 21.8 41.3 39.7 43.5
PEI 3 20.9 20.9 21.9 38.4 38.1 40
New Brunswick 1 22.4 N/A N/A 38.4 N/A N/A
All provinces 250 20.9 18.3 24.1 40.2 32.3 44.6
Soybean, No. 3 Canada
Manitoba 3 20.7 19.9 22.3 40.2 39.1 42.4
Ontario 1 19.9 N/A Footnote 1 N/A Footnote 1 40.3 N/A Footnote 1 N/A Footnote 1
Quebec 1 21 N/A Footnote 1 N/A Footnote 1 43.2 N/A Footnote 1 N/A Footnote 1
All provinces 5 20.4 19.9 22.3 40.4 39.1 42.4
Soybean, all grades
Manitoba 68 21.1 18.3 24.6 39.7 35.7 44.6
Saskatchewan 15 20.7 19.2 22.2 39.6 37.1 41.7
Ontario 220 21.1 18.6 23.6 40.5 32.3 43.6
Quebec 11 18.8 18.5 21.8 41.4 39.7 43.5
PEI 4 20.8 20.9 21.9 40 38.1 40
New Brunswick 1 22.4 N/A Footnote 1 N/A Footnote 1 38.4 N/A Footnote 1 N/A Footnote 1
All provinces 318 21 18.3 24.6 40.3 32.3 44.6
Table 5. Comparison of 2013 and 2012 non-food grade soybean data with 5-year means - Soybean, No. 1 and No. 2 Canada grades combined
Province Oil content, % (dry matter basis) Protein content, % ( N x 6.25, dry matter basis) Sum of oil and protein, %
2013
Manitoba 21.1 39.7 60.7
Saskatchewan 20.7 39.6 60.3
Ontario 21.1 40.5 61.6
Quebec 18.6 41.3 59.8
New Brunswick and PEI 21.0 38.6 59.6
All provinces 21.0 40.2 61.2
2012
Manitoba 22.1 36.3 58.4
Saskatchewan 19.8 38.1 57.9
Ontario 21.9 40.0 61.9
Quebec 20.7 40.9 61.6
New Brunswick 21.3 39.5 60.8
All provinces 21.9 39.3 61.2
2008-2012 means
Manitoba 22.2 37.1 59.3
Saskatchewan 20.8 37.4 58.2
Ontario 21.9 41.6 63.5
Quebec 20.2 40.9 61.1
All provinces 21.6 39.4 61.0

Figure 1. Relationship between oil and protein content for 2013

Graph shows inverse relationship between oil and protein. Details in the following table.

Inverse relationship between oil and protein for samples submitted to the Grain Research Laboratory

Eastern and Western Canada
y = -1.0892x + 69.929
R2 = 0.6611

Details
Eastern and Western Canada - Relationship between oil and protein content by individual sample for 2013
Province Oil content, % (dry matter basis) Protein content, % (N x 6.25, dry matter basis)
Manitoba 22.6 36.6
Manitoba 22.5 37.3
Manitoba 20.6 41.0
Manitoba 19.7 39.9
Manitoba 21.1 41.3
Manitoba 22.4 38.1
Manitoba 21.0 39.0
Manitoba 20.7 41.2
Manitoba 21.9 40.1
Manitoba 21.5 40.7
Manitoba 18.3 44.6
Manitoba 21.8 38.1
Manitoba 19.6 41.0
Manitoba 20.3 39.9
Manitoba 20.9 39.9
Manitoba 20.6 40.6
Manitoba 22.3 39.4
Manitoba 22.1 38.6
Manitoba 20.5 41.6
Manitoba 18.9 42.6
Manitoba 20.8 40.7
Manitoba 20.4 41.5
Manitoba 21.8 39.8
Manitoba 21.8 39.3
Manitoba 21.9 40.9
Manitoba 19.8 42.4
Manitoba 21.2 39.6
Manitoba 21.1 38.0
Manitoba 22.2 38.7
Manitoba 21.6 39.8
Manitoba 21.4 39.7
Manitoba 21.2 38.9
Manitoba 20.0 42.1
Manitoba 21.6 39.7
Manitoba 21.2 40.7
Manitoba 21.7 39.9
Manitoba 22.1 40.4
Manitoba 21.0 40.7
Manitoba 21.9 38.5
Manitoba 22.9 38.8
Manitoba 21.3 40.6
Manitoba 18.7 41.6
Manitoba 20.8 43.0
Manitoba 22.1 39.0
Manitoba 22.3 39.6
Manitoba 20.7 40.4
Manitoba 21.9 39.6
Manitoba 19.6 40.5
Manitoba 24.1 36.8
Manitoba 23.5 37.2
Manitoba 21.5 40.4
Manitoba 19.9 40.5
Manitoba 22.9 38.4
Manitoba 22.0 40.9
Manitoba 21.0 39.7
Manitoba 20.6 39.6
Manitoba 22.8 37.3
Manitoba 21.9 38.5
Manitoba 22.3 35.7
Manitoba 21.3 40.4
Manitoba 21.5 40.1
Manitoba 21.5 39.4
Manitoba 20.6 39.7
Manitoba 20.7 42.5
Manitoba 21.3 39.0
Manitoba 19.6 41.5
Manitoba 21.4 39.2
Manitoba 19.9 42.4
Manitoba 22.3 39.1
Manitoba 19.6 41.6
Saskatchewan 21.6 37.1
Saskatchewan 21.7 38.7
Saskatchewan 20.6 40.4
Saskatchewan 19.2 41.7
Saskatchewan 20.3 40.1
Saskatchewan 22.0 39.0
Saskatchewan 21.4 38.2
Saskatchewan 21.7 37.3
Saskatchewan 21.6 40.1
Saskatchewan 22.2 39.0
Saskatchewan 22.2 38.1
Saskatchewan 20.1 40.8
Saskatchewan 20.6 40.3
Saskatchewan 20.8 39.7
Saskatchewan 19.7 39.7
New Brunswick                                  22.4 38.1
Ontario 20.6 42.6
Ontario 22.9 40.5
Ontario 23.0 40.5
Ontario 23.4 40.0
Ontario 21.1 41.3
Ontario 22.3 39.4
Ontario 22.0 41.1
Ontario 20.6 42.0
Ontario 21.0 40.4
Ontario 22.8 40.7
Ontario 21.1 42.3
Ontario 21.6 40.7
Ontario                                  22.1 40.9
Ontario                                  21.5 41.3
Ontario                                  21.7 40.2
Ontario                                  22.1 38.6
Ontario                                  22.3 42.5
Ontario                                  21.5 41.1
Ontario 22.3 42.7
Ontario 21.2 42.2
Ontario 22.3 42.8
Ontario 23.6 38.9
Ontario 23.3 38.6
Ontario 21.5 41.1
Ontario 23.4 40.5
Ontario 21.9 41.5
Ontario 22.4 38.9
Ontario 21.3 41.1
Ontario 23.1 40.1
Ontario 21.0 41.1
Ontario 23.1 39.2
Ontario 21.7 40.9
Ontario 22.2 41.3
Ontario 21.2 41.2
Ontario 21.8 40.8
Ontario 22.6 42.8
Ontario 21.5 41.0
Ontario 20.3 42.8
Ontario 23.0 41.9
Ontario 22.9 40.3
Ontario 22.4 40.4
Ontario 20.9 41.5
Ontario 22.6 40.2
Ontario 21.9 40.3
Ontario 22.7 39.1
Ontario 22.6 39.9
Ontario 21.6 40.0
Ontario 22.2 40.3
Ontario 18.7 41.4
Ontario 21.7 40.1
Ontario 21.1 42.0
Ontario 20.8 40.7
Ontario 21.6 40.5
Ontario 19.8 41.9
Ontario 21.8 40.0
Ontario 22.0 41.2
Ontario 21.7 40.7
Ontario 21.0 41.7
Ontario 22.9 39.7
Ontario 22.8 39.4
Ontario 21.2 39.5
Ontario                                  21.7 40.9
Ontario                                  22.1 38.6
Ontario                                  20.5 40.3
Ontario                                  21.1 41.8
Ontario                                  21.8 39.4
Ontario                                  21.3 41.0
Ontario 22.8 32.3
Ontario 19.8 42.1
Ontario 20.3 39.9
Ontario 19.8 40.9
Ontario 21.7 40.3
Ontario 19.5 40.6
Ontario 21.4 41.3
Ontario 21.1 41.3
Ontario 21.7 40.7
Ontario 22.4 38.7
Ontario 18.6 41.2
Ontario 21.8 40.6
Ontario 22.1 40.4
Ontario 21.3 40.6
Ontario 20.6 40.0
Ontario 21.7 39.9
Ontario 22.1 40.4
Ontario 20.5 40.8
Ontario 20.0 42.6
Ontario 19.4 41.1
Ontario 21.9 37.5
Ontario 20.5 40.7
Ontario 21.0 40.6
Ontario 21.6 40.3
Ontario 22.7 40.7
Ontario 21.7 40.2
Ontario 21.1 41.5
Ontario 21.2 41.7
Ontario 22.3 40.5
Ontario 21.3 41.2
Ontario 22.7 39.9
Ontario 21.4 41.2
Ontario 22.2 38.9
Ontario 20.2 42.1
Ontario 23.4 35.6
Ontario 21.7 41.0
Ontario 22.3 40.0
Ontario 21.3 37.2
Ontario 21.5 42.0
Ontario 22.3 41.6
Ontario 21.6 41.9
Ontario 21.8 39.9
Ontario 21.6 41.4
Ontario 22.1 39.9
Ontario 21.7 41.1
Ontario 20.4 42.1
Ontario 21.4 41.2
Ontario 21.5 41.8
Ontario 21.0 41.8
Ontario 21.3 41.8
Ontario 21.8 41.2
Ontario 20.0 43.0
Ontario 23.2 39.4
Ontario 21.6 40.8
Ontario 19.9 40.6
Ontario 20.3 40.3
Ontario 20.5 39.1
Ontario 22.8 39.4
Ontario 20.8 40.5
Ontario 21.5 40.5
Ontario 21.4 41.4
Ontario 21.9 38.8
Ontario 22.0 40.6
Ontario 21.0 41.4
Ontario 22.5 40.5
Ontario 22.4 38.7
Ontario 23.4 39.7
Ontario 19.9 41.5
Ontario 22.9 39.3
Ontario 20.7 42.4
Ontario 21.4 41.2
Ontario 21.1 41.8
Ontario 21.8 40.4
Ontario 21.6 40.8
Ontario 22.1 40.1
Ontario 22.0 41.3
Ontario 21.9 41.5
Ontario 22.0 41.7
Ontario 21.0 39.7
Ontario 20.7 39.9
Ontario 20.8 40.1
Ontario 21.2 41.4
Ontario 20.7 40.2
Ontario 21.0 40.1
Ontario 21.1 41.5
Ontario 21.6 41.7
Ontario 21.5 41.4
Ontario 21.0 41.8
Ontario 22.8 40.2
Ontario 20.0 43.6
Ontario 21.2 40.7
Ontario 22.4 42.4
Ontario 21.0 42.0
Ontario 20.8 40.0
Ontario 20.6 40.4
Ontario 21.2 40.9
Ontario 21.5 41.2
Ontario 21.6 40.5
Ontario 20.8 41.2
Ontario 21.6 38.8
Ontario 19.8 40.8
Ontario 19.4 41.5
Ontario 19.5 40.0
Ontario 20.7 40.4
Ontario 20.9 40.1
Ontario 21.4 40.2
Ontario 21.1 39.9
Ontario 21.1 39.9
Ontario 20.7 40.4
Ontario 20.7 40.1
Ontario 20.6 40.2
Ontario 21.0 39.9
Ontario 20.6 40.4
Ontario 20.7 40.2
Ontario 20.6 40.1
Ontario 20.8 40.3
Ontario 20.7 40.4
Ontario 19.2 41.6
Ontario 19.9 40.9
Ontario 19.3 41.8
Ontario 20.2 39.0
Ontario 20.1 39.2
Ontario 21.0 41.3
Ontario 22.3 40.6
Ontario 21.9 40.0
Ontario 20.6 41.7
Ontario 21.8 41.8
Ontario 21.7 41.0
Ontario 21.0 41.5
Ontario 22.0 41.3
Ontario 21.6 41.0
Ontario 22.1 41.7
Ontario 22.8 39.4
Ontario 21.2 41.1
Ontario 22.5 40.5
Ontario 21.5 40.7
Ontario 22.1 40.0
Ontario 21.7 40.2
Ontario 22.1 40.1
Ontario 22.0 40.5
Ontario                                  21.7 39.2
Ontario                                  20.8 40.2
Ontario                                  21.0 39.7
Ontario                                  21.3 40.5
Ontario                                  22.8 38.4
Ontario                                  20.7 41.0
Ontario                                  21.4 40.2
Ontario                                  19.8 39.4
Ontario                                  19.2 40.7
Ontario 20.6 41.7
Ontario 21.7 42.1
Ontario 19.8 40.6
Prince Edward Island                                 20.2 39.6
Prince Edward Island                                  21.2 40.0
Prince Edward Island                                  20.9 38.7
Prince Edward Island                                  21.9 38.1
Quebec 19.4 39.7
Quebec 21.6 40.6
Quebec 21.8 40.3
Quebec 19.8 40.8
Quebec 18.5 41.3
Quebec 19.1 40.9
Quebec 18.5 41.7
Quebec 18.5 42.7
Quebec 19.3 41.1
Quebec 19.7 43.5
Quebec 20.7 42.7

Footnotes

Footnote 1

N/A - No Soybean, No. 1 or No. 2 Canada samples in survey

Return to first footnote 1 referrer