Quality of Canadian oilseed-type soybeans 2015

Summary

In 2015, the average oil content for Soybean, No. 1 and No. 2 grades was 21.5% on a dry matter basis (Table 2). The average was higher than last year’s average of 20.9% and similar to the 5-year average (2010-14) of 21.4%. The average protein content for Soybean, No. 1 and No. 2 grades combined was 39.6%, which is identical to last year’s average (39.6%) and similar to the 5-year average (39.4%).

The oil and protein content averages for No. 1 and No. 2 grades combined varied between eastern and western provinces. Manitoba had an oil content of 21.2% and a protein content of 38.0%, whereas Saskatchewan had an oil content of 20.6% and a protein content of 38.4%. Ontario had an oil content of 21.7% and a protein content of 39.8%. Québec had an oil content of 21.2% and a protein content of 41.1%. Prince Edward Island and New Brunswick had an oil content and protein content of 22.2%, 20.9% and 35.7% and 39.5% respectively.

Acknowledgments

The Grain Research Laboratory acknowledges the cooperation of the soybean producers, grain handling offices, and oilseed crushing plants in eastern and western Canada for supplying the samples of newly harvested soybean. The assistance of the Industry Services Division of the Canadian Grain Commission in grading producer samples is also acknowledged. The technical assistance of the Oilseeds staff, Grain Research Laboratory is recognized.

Introduction

This harvest survey report is based on 225 samples of oilseeds type soybean (previously described as non-food grade), less than what we received in 2014 (346) and less than what we got in 2013 (318). Samples were from Manitoba (85), Ontario (69), Québec (39), Saskatchewan (25), New-Brunswick (3), Prince Edwards Island (2) and Alberta (2). Of the submitted samples, 11.6% were graded as Soybean, No. 1 Canada; 87.5% were graded as Soybean No. 2 Canada and 0.9% were graded as Soybean, No. 3 Canada and Soybean, No. 4 Canada.

Quality data (oil, protein, free fatty acid, chlorophyll as well as fatty acid composition) are based on the means of Soybean, No. 1 and No. 2 Canada grades combined for all oilseed-type samples received from eastern (Ontario, Québec, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island) and western (Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta), (Tables 3 and 4). In addition, results for all combined grades for each province are also provided for comparison (Tables 3 and 4). Table 5 presented 2014 quality data to compare with the 2015 harvest.