Quality of Canadian oilseed-type soybeans 2015
Weather and production review
It was a challenging growing season for producers. In the west, warmer weather allowed an early seeding however there were two cold spells in May (mid and end of May) due to freezing temperatures and snow that delayed seeding. Some acreages seeded with canola ended up seeded with soybeans after the second re-seeding. Temperatures were higher than normal for most of the growing season allowing soybean to mature. There were some pockets of heavy rain in Manitoba that might have affected the crop but overall the crop was in good conditions. Harvest was able to proceed in spite of the heavy rains in September.
March and April were cooler than normal in the east part of Canada but May was about 3°C warmer than normal. June and July saw the return of lower than normal temperatures with warmer than normal temperatures returning in August and September. Precipitation was variable, dry with some heavy precipitations in some areas, particularly in some areas of Québec in May and June in Ontario.
Production and grade information
For the 2015 soybean survey, we received 225 samples, 113 from the East and 112 from the West (Table 2). All harvest survey samples submitted to the Canadian Grain Commission from all locations (Ontario, Québec, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Manitoba and Saskatchewan) were graded by Canadian Grain Commission inspectors according to the Official Grain Grading Guide. In the 2015 survey, 99.1% of the submitted samples were in the top 2 grades. The very few samples (0.9%) that were graded Soybean, No. 3 Canada and lower were from the east.
|Province||Seeded area||ProductionFootnote1||5-year average production|
|Prince Edward Island||21,900||26,300||47,200||60,100||47,040|
- Footnote 1
- Footnote 2
Statistics Canada started to report Saskatchewan soybean production in 2013, 2013 and 2014 production date were 118,400 and 163,300 tonnes, respectively. To calculate the 5 year average, in 2010, 2011 and 2012 Saskatchewan production was assumed to be 0.
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