Cigarette beetle
Lasioderma serricorne (Fabricius)

Classification

Secondary pest: Grain feeder
Order: Coleoptera
Family: Anobiidae
Acronym: LSE

Similar species

  • Drugstore beetle (Stegobium paniceum) – Unlike the cigarette beetle, the drugstore beetle has striae on the elytra and does not have serrate antennae.

Description

  • Adults are small (2 to 3.5 mm long), reddish brown and oval shaped.
  • Larvae are white and covered in numerous long hairs.
  • As larvae mature, they become crescent-shaped and their mobility decreases.

Commodities affected

  • Tobacco, seeds, spices, drugs, grains, cereal products
  • Dried leaves, furniture, pepper, ginger, rhubarb, dried insects, dried fish, dried meat, fish meal, rice, figs, yeast and a wide variety of other dried products

Signs of infestation

  • Products contaminated with larval cocoons, frass (excrement), dead adult beetles

Damage

  • Larvae feed directly on commodity and contaminate it with frass (excrement).
  • Larvae can damage package by burrowing.

How to control

Geographical range

  • Is found worldwide, but does better in subtropical and tropical regions than in temperate regions
  • Is found across Canada, but can only survive winter in heated buildings

Life history

  • Adults are short lived (25 days) and do not feed on commodity, but they may cause damage by chewing on surrounding structures.

Images

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Did you know?

The cigarette beetle is the most destructive pest of stored tobacco.