Fusarium head blight in Canadian wheat, maps and charts 2011 to 2016

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Fusarium head blight in Western Canada, maps

  • Canada Western Amber Durum, 2016
    • Fusarium incidence on Canada Western Amber Durum, prairies, 2016 (map). Details below.
      Figure 1. Incidence of Fusarium head blight on Canada Western Amber Durum (based on percentage of samples with Fusarium damaged kernels present) collected in prairie crop districts during the 2016 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 1: text version

      Fusarium incidence based on the percentage of Fusarium damaged kernels present was determined for CWAD wheat. In 2016, highest incidence of Fusarium was found in samples from central, northern and northeastern Saskatchewan, CD-2 in Manitoba and CD- 4 in Alberta. Average incidence in southwestern Alberta crop districts was lower in comparison.

    • Fusarium graminearum associated with fusarium damaged kernels on Canada Western Amber Durum, prairies, 2016 (map). Details below.
      Figure 3. Fusarium graminearum associated with Fusarium damaged kernels in Canada Western Amber Durum (based on qPCR assays) collected in prairie crop districts during the 2016 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 3: text version

      Fusarium graminearum was detected by qPCR in Fusarium damaged kernels from Alberta and Saskatchewan. In 2016, high average levels of Fusarium graminearum was found in the majority of FDK from Alberta and Saskatchewan.

    • Frequency of Fusarium genotypes of deoxynivalenol derivatives on Canada Western Amber Durum, prairies, 2016 (map). Details below.
      Figure 5. Frequency of Fusarium genotypes of deoxynivalenol (DON) derivatives in Canada Western Amber Durum collected in prairie crop districts during the 2016 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 5: text version

      The frequency of Fusarium trichothecene gentoypes by DON-producing Fusarium spp. in 2016 CWAD in western Canadian crop districts was determined. Trichothecene chemotyping revealed a predominance of 15Ac-DON in both eastern Alberta and western Saskatchewan. A predominance of 3Ac-DON was observed in central Saskatchewan, specifically, CD-2B, CD-6A and CD-8B. Both 3Ac-DON and 15-Ac-DON were found in the majority of western Canadian crop districts tested.

    • Fusarium severity on Canada Western Amber Durum, prairies, 2016 (map). Details below.
      Figure 2. Severity of Fusarium head blight on Canada Western Amber Durum (based on median percentage of Fusarium damaged kernels) collected in prairie crop districts during the 2016 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 2: text version

      Average severity of Fusarium head blight was determined for the 2016 crop of CWAD wheat. FDK severity for Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba ranged from 0-4%. Central and northern Saskatchewan had the highest levels of FDK of the western prairie provinces. Average Fusarium severity was low in western Alberta and southwestern Saskatchewan.

    • Fusarium avenaceum associated with fusarium damaged kernels on Canada Western Amber Durum, prairies, 2016 (map). Details below.
      Figure 4. Fusarium avenaceum associated with Fusarium damaged kernels in Canada Western Red Spring wheat (based on qPCR assays) collected in prairie crop districts during the 2016 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 4: text version

      Fusarium avenaceum was detected by quantitative PCR in Fusarium damaged kernels for all crop districts from the Prairie provinces. In 2016, Fusarium avenaceum associated with FDK was detected at higher levels in northwestern Saskatchewan and CD-3, CD-4 and CD-5 in Alberta.

  • Canada Western Red Spring wheat, 2016
    • Fusarium incidence on Canada Western Red Spring wheat, prairies, 2016 (map). Details below.
      Figure 1. Incidence of Fusarium head blight on Canada Western Red Spring wheat (based on percentage of samples with Fusarium damaged kernels present) collected in prairie crop districts during the 2016 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 1: text version

      Fusarium incidence based on the percentage of Fusarium damaged kernels present was determined for CWRS wheat. In 2016, highest incidence of Fusarium was found in samples from southern Manitoba and eastern and central Saskatchewan. Average incidence in Alberta crop districts was lower in comparison.

    • Fusarium graminearum associated with fusarium damaged kernels on Canada Western Red Spring wheat, prairies, 2016 (map). Details below.
      Figure 3. Fusarium graminearum associated with Fusarium damaged kernels in Canada Western Red Spring wheat (based on qPCR assays) collected in prairie crop districts during the 2016 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 3: text version

      Fusarium graminearum was detected by qPCR in Fusarium damaged kernels from Canada’s prairie provinces. In 2016, Fusarium graminearum was found in the majority of FDK from Saskatchewan, southern Manitoba and western Manitoba. Average levels of F. graminearum in Alberta were highest in CD-1.

    • Frequency of Fusarium genotypes of deoxynivalenol derivatives on Canada Western Red Spring wheat, prairies, 2016 (map). Details below.
      Figure 5. Frequency of Fusarium genotypes of deoxynivalenol (DON) derivatives in Canada Western Red Spring wheat collected in prairie crop districts during the 2016 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 5: text version

      The frequency of Fusarium trichothecene gentoypes by DON-producing Fusarium spp. in CWRS in western Canadian crop districts was determined for the 2016 crop. Trichothecene chemotyping revealed a predominance of 15Ac-DON in southeastern Alberta and southern Saskatchewan. A predominance of 3Ac-DON was found in northeastern Saskatchewan and northwestern Manitoba. 3Ac-DON was also found in western and northern Alberta, with higher levels in CD-4 and CD-7. Both 3Ac-DON and 15-Ac-DON were found in the majority of western Canadian crop districts tested.

    • Fusarium severity on Canada Western Red Spring wheat, prairies, 2016 (map). Details below.
      Figure 2. Severity of Fusarium head blight on Canada Western Red Spring wheat (based on median percentage of Fusarium damaged kernels) collected in prairie crop districts during the 2016 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 2: text version

      Average severity of Fusarium head blight was determined for the 2016 crop of CWRS wheat. FDK severity for Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba ranged from 0-1.5%. The highest levels of FDK were in CD-3BS in Saskatchewan, followed by CD-7A in Saskatchewan and CD-8 in Manitoba. Average Fusarium severity was low in the western prairies in 2016.

    • Fusarium avenaceum associated with fusarium damaged kernels on Canada Western Red Spring wheat, prairies, 2016 (map). Details below.
      Figure 4. Fusarium avenaceum associated with fusarium damaged kernels in Canada Western Red Spring wheat (based on qPCR assays) collected in prairie crop districts during the 2016 Harvest Sample Programs
      Figure 4: text version

      Fusarium avenaceum was detected by quantitative PCR in Fusarium damaged kernels for all CDs from the prairie provinces with 9 samples tested. In 2016, Fusarium avenaceum associated with FDK was detected at higher levels in north-western Manitoba, central Saskatchewan and crop districts 3 and 4 in Alberta.

  • Canada Western Red Spring wheat, 2015
    • Fusarium incidence on Canada Western Red Spring wheat, prairies, 2015 (map). Details below.
      Figure 1. Incidence of Fusarium head blight on Canada Western Red Spring wheat (based on percentage of samples with fusarium damaged kernels present) collected in prairie crop districts during the 2015 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 1: text version

      Fusarium incidence based on the percentage of Fusarium damaged kernels present was determined for CWRS wheat. In 2015, highest incidence of Fusarium was found in samples from southern Manitoba and southwestern and central Saskatchewan. Average incidence in Alberta crop districts was lower in comparison.

    • Fusarium graminearum associated with fusarium damaged kernels on Canada Western Red Spring wheat, prairies, 2015 (map). Details below.
      Figure 3. Fusarium graminearum associated with fusarium damaged kernels in Canada Western Red Spring wheat (based on qPCR assays) collected in prairie crop districts during the 2015 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 3: text version

      Fusarium graminearum was detected by qPCR in Fusarium damaged kernels from Canada’s prairie provinces. In 2015, Fusarium graminearum was found in the majority of FDK from southern Manitoba, eastern Saskatchewan and central Saskatchewan. Average levels of F. graminearum in Alberta were highest in CD-2.

    • Frequency of Fusarium genotypes of deoxynivalenol derivatives on Canada Western Red Spring wheat, prairies, 2015 (map). Details below.
      Figure 5. Frequency of Fusarium genotypes of deoxynivalenol (DON) derivatives in Canada Western Red Spring wheat collected in prairie crop districts during the 2015 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 5: text version

      The frequency of Fusarium trichothecene gentoypes by DON-producing Fusarium spp. in CWRS in western Canadian crop districts was determined for the 2015 crop. Trichothecene chemotyping revealed a predominance of 15Ac-DON in western Saskatchewan and CD-2 in Alberta. A predominance of 3Ac-DON was found in Manitoba and some crop districts in Saskatchewan. Both 3Ac-DON and 15-Ac-DON were found in the majority of western Canadian crop districts tested.

    • Fusarium severity on Canada Western Red Spring wheat, prairies, 2015 (map). Details below.
      Figure 2. Severity of Fusarium head blight on Canada Western Red Spring wheat (based on median percentage of fusarium damaged kernels) collected in prairie crop districts during the 2015 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 2: text version

      Average severity of Fusarium head blight was determined for the 2015 crop of CWRS wheat. Fusarium FDK severity for Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba ranged from 0-1%. Manitoba CDs 6 and 12 had the highest levels of FDK of the western prairie provinces. Average Fusarium severity was low in the western prairies in 2015.

    • Fusarium avenaceum associated with fusarium damaged kernels on Canada Western Red Spring wheat, prairies, 2015 (map). Details below.
      Figure 4. Fusarium avenaceum associated with fusarium damaged kernels in Canada Western Red Spring wheat (based on qPCR assays) collected in prairie crop districts during the 2015 Harvest Sample Programs
      Figure 4: text version

      Fusarium avenaceum was detected by quantitative PCR in Fusarium damaged kernels for all CDs from the prairie provinces with 9 samples tested. In 2015, Fusarium avenaceum associated with FDK was detected at higher levels in north-western Manitoba, central Saskatchewan and crop districts 3 and 4 in Alberta.

  • Canada Western Red Spring wheat, 2014
    • Fusarium incidence on Canada Western Red Spring wheat, prairies, 2014 (map). Details below.
      Figure 6. Incidence of Fusarium head blight on Canada Western Red Spring wheat (based on percentage of samples with fusarium damaged kernels present) collected in prairie crop districts during the 2014 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 6: text version

      Average Fusarium incidence based on the percentage of samples with Fusarium damaged kernels present was determined for CWRS wheat for the 2014 crop. Highest incidence of Fusarium was found in samples from western Manitoba and eastern and central Saskatchewan. Incidence in Alberta crop districts was low in comparison.

    • Fusarium graminearum associated with fusarium damaged kernels on Canada Western Red Spring wheat, prairies, 2014 (map). Details below.
      Figure 8. Fusarium graminearum associated with fusarium damaged kernels in Canada Western Red Spring wheat (based on qPCR assays) collected in prairie crop districts during the 2014 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 8: text version

      Fusarium graminearum was detected by qPCR in Fusarium damaged kernels from Canada’s prairie provinces. Fusarium graminearum was found in the majority of FDK from southern Manitoba, eastern Saskatchewan and central Saskatchewan. Average levels of Fusarium graminearum in Alberta were lower than those found in Saskatchewan and Manitoba.

    • Frequency of Fusarium genotypes of deoxynivalenol derivatives on Canada Western Red Spring wheat, prairies, 2014 (map). Details below.
      Figure 10. Frequency of Fusarium genotypes of DON derivatives in Canada Western Red Spring wheat collected in prairie crop districts during the 2014 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 10: text version

      The average frequency of Fusarium trichothecene gentoypes by DON-producing Fusarium spp. in CWRS in western Canadian crop districts was determined for the 2014 crop. Trichothecene chemotyping revealed a predominance of 15Ac-DON in southern Alberta. A predominance of 3Ac-DON was found in Manitoba and some crop districts in Saskatchewan. Both 3Ac-DON and 15-Ac-DON were found in the majority of western Canadian crop districts tested.

    • Fusarium severity on Canada Western Red Spring wheat, prairies, 2014 (map). Details below.
      Figure 7. Severity of Fusarium head blight on Canada Western Red Spring wheat (based on median percentage of fusarium damaged kernels) collected in prairie crop districts (CD's) during the 2014 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 7: text version

      Severity of Fusarium head blight was determined for the 2014 crop of CWRS wheat. Fusarium severity for Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba ranged from 0-4%. Eastern and central Saskatchewan, namely CD’s 11, 21, 22, 62 and 82 displayed the highest levels of FDK in the western prairies.

    • Fusarium avenaceum + F. acuminatum associated with fusarium damaged kernels on Canada Western Red Spring wheat, prairies, 2014 (map). Details below.
      Figure 9. Fusarium avenaceum + Fusarium acuminatum associated with fusarium damaged kernels in Canada Western Red Spring wheat (based on qPCR assays) collected in prairie crop districts during the 2014 Harvest Sample Programs
      Figure 9: text version

      Fusarium avenaceum and Fusarium acuminatum were detected by quantitative PCR in Fusarium damaged kernels for western Canadian prairie CDs containing FDK. Fusarium avenaceum and Fusarium acuminatum associated with FDK were found in Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba.

  • Canada Western Soft White Spring wheat, 2013
    • Map - Percentage of fusarium damaged kernels on Canada Western Soft White Spring wheat, Prairies, 2013. Details below.
      Figure 11. Severity of Fusarium head blight on Canada Western Red Spring wheat (based on median percentage of fusarium damaged kernels) collected in prairie crop districts during the 2013 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 11: text version

      Average concentrations of fusarium damaged kernels (by weight) in Canada Western Soft White Spring wheat ranged between 0 and 2%. Highest levels were found in samples from crop districts in southwestern and central Saskatchewan. No samples were analyzed from Manitoba.

    • Map - Concentration of deoxynivalenol on Canada Western Soft White Spring wheat, Prairies, 2013. Details below.
      Figure 13. Average concentrations of DON (milligrams per kilogram) in Canada Western Soft White Spring wheat collected in Prairie crop districts during the 2013 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 13: text version

      Average concentrations of DON above 2 milligrams per kilogram were highest in samples from crop district 82 in central Saskatchewan. Elevated average concentrations between 1 and 2 milligrams per kilogram were observed in Saskatchewan crop districts 22, 51, 52, and 61, and Alberta crop district 2.

    • Map - Trichothecene chemotypes on Canada Western Soft White Spring wheat, Prairies, 2013. Details below.
      Figure 12. Mean frequency of Fusarium trichothecene chemotypes by DON-producing Fusarium species in Canada Western Soft White Spring wheat collected in Prairie crop districts during the 2013 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 12: text version

      The frequency of Fusarium trichothecene chemotypes by DON-producing Fusarium species in Canada Western Soft White Spring wheat in western Canadian crop districts was determined during the 2013 Harvest Sample Program. Trichothecene chemotyping revealed a predominance of 15-acetyl-deoxynivalenol (ADON) in northwestern Saskatchewan and a predominance of 3-ADON in northeastern Saskatchewan and northwestern Alberta. Both 3-ADON and 15-ADON chemotypes were present in the majority of crop districts tested. No samples were analyzed from Manitoba.

  • Canada Western Soft White Spring wheat, 2012
    • Map - Trichothecene chemotypes on Canada Western Soft White Spring wheat, Prairies, 2012. Details below.
      Figure 14. Mean frequency of Fusarium trichothecene chemotypes by DON-producing Fusarium species in Canada Western Soft White Spring wheat collected in Prairie crop districts during the 2012 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 14: text version

      The frequency of Fusarium trichothecene chemotypes by DON-producing Fusarium species in Canada Western Soft White Spring wheat in western Canadian crop districts was determined during the 2012 Harvest Sample Program. Trichothecene chemotyping revealed a predominance of 15-acetyl-deoxynivalenol (ADON) in southern Saskatchewan and southern Alberta. A predominance of 3-ADON was found in Manitoba and some crop regions of Saskatchewan. Both 3-ADON and 15-ADON chemotypes were present in the majority of crop districts tested.

    • Map - Concentration of deoxynivalenol on Canada Western Soft White Spring wheat, Prairies, 2012. Details below.
      Figure 15. Average concentrations of DON (milligrams per kilogram) in Canada Western Soft White Spring wheat collected in Prairie crop districts during the 2012 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 15: text version

      Average concentrations of DON above 2 milligrams per kilogram were highest in samples from crop districts in eastern Saskatchewan, particularly districts 12, 22, and 51.

  • All Canada Western wheat, 2011
    • Map - Trichothecene chemotypes on all Canada Western wheat, Prairies, 2011. Details below.
      Figure 16. Mean frequency of Fusarium trichothecene chemotypes by DON-producing Fusarium species in all Canada Western wheat classes collected in Prairie crop districts during the 2011 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 16: text version

      The frequency of Fusarium trichothecene chemotypes by DON-producing Fusarium species in all Canada Western wheat classes in western Canadian crop districts was determined during the 2011 Harvest Sample Program. Trichothecene chemotyping revealed a predominance of 15-acetyl-deoxynivalenol (ADON) in central Saskatchewan and south central Alberta. A predominance of 3-ADON was found in Manitoba, northeastern Saskatchewan, and southeastern Alberta. Both 3-ADON and 15-ADON chemotypes were present in the majority of crop districts tested.

    • Map - Concentration of deoxynivalenol on all Canada Western wheat, Prairies, 2011. Details below.
      Figure 17. Average concentrations of DON (milligrams per kilogram) in all Canada Western wheat collected in Prairie crop districts during the 2011 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 17: text version

      Average concentrations of DON between 1 and 2 milligrams per kilogram were highest in samples from crop districts in southwestern Manitoba and central Saskatchewan.

Fusarium head blight in Western Canada, charts

  • Percentage of genotypes of deoxynivalenol (DON), 2013 and 2012
    • Chart - Percentage of genotypes infecting Canada Western Soft White Spring wheat, Prairies, 2013. Details below.
      Figure 18. Percentage of genotypes of DON-producing Fusarium species infecting Canada Western Soft White Spring wheat collected in Prairie crop districts during the 2013 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 18: table
      Province Crop district Number 3-ADON (%) 15-ADON (%)
      Alberta 1 9 68,9 31,1
      Alberta 2 9 43,9 56,1
      Alberta 4 10 64,2 35,8
      Alberta 6 1 0 0
      Saskatchewan 1 2 64,6 35,4
      Saskatchewan 2 15 62,2 37,8
      Saskatchewan 3 4 52,4 47,6
      Saskatchewan 4 3 0 0
      Saskatchewan 5 15 72,3 27,7
      Saskatchewan 6 33 63,5 36,5
      Saskatchewan 7 19 49,7 50,3
      Saskatchewan 8 6 69,6 30,4
      Saskatchewan 9 3 25,5 74,5
    • Chart - Percentage of genotypes infecting Canada Western Soft White Spring wheat, Prairies, 2012. Details below.
      Figure 19. Percentage of genotypes of DON-producing Fusarium species infecting Canada Western Soft White Spring wheat collected in Prairie crop districts during the 2012 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 19: table
      Province Crop district Number 3-ADON (%) 15-ADON (%)
      Alberta 1 2 14,0 86,0
      Alberta 2 7 25,2 74,8
      Alberta 4 7 59,9 40,1
      Alberta 6 1 61,3 38,7
      Saskatchewan 1 1 62,7 37,3
      Saskatchewan 2 4 32,4 67,6
      Saskatchewan 5 1 88,6 11,4
      Saskatchewan 5 7 59,4 40,6
      Saskatchewan 6 18 60,6 39,4
      Saskatchewan 7 13 45,8 54,2
      Saskatchewan 8 5 69,0 31,0
      Saskatchewan 9 2 77,3 22,7
      Manitoba 3 4 79,1 20,9
      Manitoba 8 1 75,6 24,4
  • Percentage of genotypes of deoxynivalenol (DON), 2011
    • Chart - Percentage of genotypes infecting all Canada Western classes, Prairies, 2011. Details below.
      Figure 20. Percentage of genotypes of DON-producing Fusarium species infecting all Canada Western wheat classes collected in Prairie crop districts during the 2011 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 20: table
      Province Crop district Number 3-ADON (%) 15-ADON (%)
      Alberta 1 1 18,5 81,5
      Alberta 2 3 100 0
      Saskatchewan 1 1 61,9 38,1
      Saskatchewan 2 2 44,4 55,6
      Saskatchewan 3 2 60,9 39,1
      Saskatchewan 5 5 44,9 55,1
      Saskatchewan 6 3 31,2 68,8
      Saskatchewan 7 5 31,3 68,7
      Saskatchewan 8 10 86,3 13,7
      Manitoba 1 20 67,0 33,0
      Manitoba 2 6 77,9 22,1
      Manitoba 3 6 72,8 27,2
      Manitoba 5 5 81,3 18,7
      Manitoba 6 1 86,1 13,9
      Manitoba 7 8 71,4 28,6
      Manitoba 8 10 84,8 15,2
    • Chart - Percentage of genotypes infecting Canada Western Red Winter wheat, Prairies, 2011. Details below.
      Figure 22. Percentage of genotypes of DON-producing Fusarium species infecting Canada Western Red Winter wheat collected in Prairie crop districts during the 2011 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 22: table
      Province Crop district Number 3-ADON (%) 15-ADON (%)
      Saskatchewan 5 1 29,3 70,7
      Manitoba 1 16 65,8 34,2
      Manitoba 2 6 77,9 22,1
      Manitoba 3 3 70 30
      Manitoba 7 2 74,1 25,9
      Manitoba 8 1 86,5 13,5
    • Chart - Percentage of genotypes infecting Canada Western Amber Durum wheat, Prairies, 2011. Details below.
      Figure 21. Percentage of genotypes of DON-producing Fusarium species infecting Canada Western Amber Durum wheat collected in Prairie crop districts during the 2011 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 21: table
      Province Crop district Number 3-ADON (%) 15-ADON (%)
      Alberta 1 1 18,52 81,48
      Saskatchewan 2 2 44,44 55,56
      Saskatchewan 3 2 60,85 39,15
      Saskatchewan 5 2 43,03 56,97
      Saskatchewan 6 3 31,24 68,76
      Saskatchewan 7 5 31,35 68,65
    • Chart - Percentage of genotypes infecting Canada Western Hard Red Spring wheat, Prairies, 2011. Details below.
      Figure 23. Percentage of genotypes of DON-producing Fusarium species infecting Canada Western Hard Red Spring wheat collected in Prairie crop districts during the 2011 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 23: table
      Province Crop district Number 3-ADON (%) 15-ADON (%)
      Alberta 2 3 100 0
      Saskatchewan 1 1 61,9 38,1
      Saskatchewan 5 2 54,5 45,5
      Saskatchewan 8 10 86,3 13,7
      Manitoba 1 4 71,7 28,3
      Manitoba 3 3 75,6 24,4
      Manitoba 5 5 81,3 18,7
      Manitoba 6 1 86,1 13,9
      Manitoba 7 6 70,5 29,5
      Manitoba 8 9 84,6 15,4
  • Distribution of Fusarium, 2013 and 2012
    • Chart - Distribution of Fusarium on Canada Western Soft White Spring wheat, Prairies, 2013. Details below.
      Figure 24. Distribution of toxigenic Fusarium species infecting Canada Western Soft White Spring wheat collected in Prairie crop districts during the 2013 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 24: table
      Province Crop district Samples Fusarium graminearum Fusarium avenaceum Fusarium poae Fusarium sporotrichioides
      Alberta 1 9 612 2 3 1
      Alberta 2 9 789 7 3 0
      Alberta 4 10 19 13 5 0
      Alberta 6 1 0 15 6 0
      Saskatchewan 1 2 196 2 9 0
      Saskatchewan 2 15 518 9 10 2
      Saskatchewan 3 4 162 9 12 1
      Saskatchewan 4 3 0 0 0 0
      Saskatchewan 5 15 555 8 23 1
      Saskatchewan 6 33 844 7 14 2
      Saskatchewan 7 19 68 10 5 0
      Saskatchewan 8 6 1616 15 22 1
      Saskatchewan 9 3 34 1 24 0
    • Chart - Distribution of Fusarium on Canada Western Soft White Spring wheat, Prairies, 2012. Details below.
      Figure 25. Distribution of toxigenic Fusarium species infecting Canada Western Soft White Spring wheat collected in Prairie crop districts during the 2012 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 25: table
      Province Crop district Samples Fusarium graminearum Fusarium avenaceum Fusarium poae Fusarium sporotrichioides
      Alberta 1 2 382,9 21,2 39,3 0
      Alberta 2 7 614,1 19,9 8,6 1,5
      Alberta 4 7 72,2 95,1 90,5 1,1
      Alberta 6 1 23,2 234,9 54,6 0
      Saskatchewan 1 1 2725,8 111,3 74,2 0
      Saskatchewan 2 4 342,1 12,4 19,3 6,2
      Saskatchewan 3 1 11,2 10,1 27,5 0
      Saskatchewan 5 7 633,6 103,8 83,9 21,1
      Saskatchewan 6 18 876,5 66,3 128,9 11,7
      Saskatchewan 7 13 64,2 55,9 10,4 6,0
      Saskatchewan 8 5 372,6 68,2 139,0 0
      Saskatchewan 9 2 580,2 184,3 36,3 0
      Manitoba 3 4 880,7 32,8 52,1 10,0
      Manitoba 8 1 259,1 11,3 15,2 0
  • Distribution of Fusarium, 2011
    • Chart - Distribution of Fusarium on all Canada Western classes, Prairies, 2011. Details below.
      Figure 26. Distribution of toxigenic Fusarium species infecting all Canada Western wheat collected in Prairie crop districts during the 2011 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 26: table
      Province Crop district Samples Fusarium graminearum Fusarium avenaceum Fusarium poae Fusarium sporotrichioides
      Alberta 1 1 77,5 14,3 1,8 0
      Alberta 2 3 3,0 13,3 31,4 0
      Saskatchewan 1 1 217,8 19,2 15,1 31,5
      Saskatchewan 2 2 177,2 86,3 79,9 0
      Saskatchewan 3 2 2,2 113,4 1,8 0
      Saskatchewan 5 5 54,2 58,4 104,0 1,1
      Saskatchewan 6 3 170,5 50,3 49,4 0
      Saskatchewan 7 5 22,3 121,9 8,3 0
      Saskatchewan 8 10 62,7 60,1 10,8 0
      Manitoba 1 20 749,2 16,4 8,8 11,7
      Manitoba 2 6 835,6 15,1 8,9 1,0
      Manitoba 3 6 229,6 20,8 27,8 6,2
      Manitoba 5 5 123,6 12,9 13,7 0
      Manitoba 6 1 130,7 13,1 19,4 0
      Manitoba 7 8 221,8 8,7 20,6 0,7
      Manitoba 8 10 303,9 7,5 37,8 0,2
    • Chart - Distribution of Fusarium on Canada Western Amber Durum wheat, Prairies, 2011. Details below.
      Figure 27. Distribution of toxigenic Fusarium species infecting Canada Western Amber Durum wheat collected in Prairie crop districts during the 2011 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 27: table
      Province Crop district Samples Fusarium graminearum Fusarium avenaceum Fusarium poae Fusarium sporotrichioides
      Alberta 1 1 77,5 14,3 1,8 0
      Saskatchewan 2 2 177,2 86,3 79,9 0
      Saskatchewan 3 2 2,3 113,4 1,8 0
      Saskatchewan 5 2 16,7 101,6 206,0 0
      Saskatchewan 6 3 170,5 50,3 49,4 0
      Saskatchewan 7 5 22,3 121,9 8,3 0
    • Chart - Distribution of Fusarium on Canada Western Red Winter wheat, Prairies, 2011. Details below.
      Figure 28. Distribution of toxigenic Fusarium species infecting Canada Western Red Winter wheat collected in Prairie crop districts during the 2011 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 28: table
      Province Crop district Samples Fusarium graminearum Fusarium avenaceum Fusarium poae Fusarium sporotrichioides
      Saskatchewan 5 1 97,3 50,2 25,3 0
      Manitoba 1 16 890,7 14,6 5,4 14,0
      Manitoba 2 6 835,6 15,1 8,9 1,0
      Manitoba 3 3 201,6 10,8 19,2 1,1
      Manitoba 7 2 239,1 8,7 28,6 0,8
      Manitoba 8 1 1263,1 9,1 39,4 0
    • Chart - Distribution of Fusarium on Canada Western Red Winter wheat, Prairies, 2011. Details below.
      Figure 29. Distribution of toxigenic Fusarium species infecting Canada Western Hard Red Spring wheat collected in Prairie crop districts during the 2011 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 29: table
      Province Crop district Samples Fusarium graminearum Fusarium avenaceum Fusarium poae Fusarium sporotrichioides
      Alberta 2 3 3,0 13,3 31,4 0
      Saskatchewan 1 1 217,8 19,2 15,1 31,5
      Saskatchewan 5 2 70,2 19,2 41,4 2,6
      Saskatchewan 8 10 62,7 60,1 10,8 0
      Manitoba 1 4 183,1 23,4 22,3 2,1
      Manitoba 3 3 257,7 30,8 36,3 11,3
      Manitoba 5 5 123,6 12,9 13,7 0
      Manitoba 6 1 130,7 13,1 19,4 0
      Manitoba 7 6 216,1 8,7 18,0 0,6
      Manitoba 8 9 197,3 7,3 37,6 0,2
  • Deoxynivalenol (DON)/fusarium damaged kernels, 2013
    • Chart - Relationship between deoxynivalenol and fusarium damaged kernels for Canada Western Soft White Spring wheat, Prairies, 2013. Details below.
      Figure 30. Relationship between DON and fusarium damaged kernels for Canada Western Soft White Spring wheat collected in Prairie crop districts during the 2013 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 30: text version

      Concentrations of DON increased linearly with percentage fusarium damaged kernels for Canada Western Soft White Spring wheat samples collected in Prairie crop districts during the 2013 Harvest Sample Program. The linear relationship had a slope of 1.431, an intercept of 0.0345, and an r-squared value of 0.8396.

  • Deoxynivalenol (DON)/fusarium damaged kernels, 2012
    • Chart - Relationship between deoxynivalenol and fusarium damaged kernels for Canada Western Soft White Spring wheat, Prairies, 2012. Details below.
      Figure 31. Relationship between DON and fusarium damaged kernels for Canada Western Soft White Spring wheat collected in Prairie crop districts during the 2012 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 31: text version

      Concentrations of DON increased linearly with percentage fusarium damaged kernels for Canada Western Soft White Spring wheat samples collected in Prairie crop districts during the 2012 Harvest Sample Program. The linear relationship had a slope of 1.057, an intercept of 0.2418, and an r-squared value of 0.4986.

  • Deoxynivalenol (DON)/fusarium damaged kernels, 2011
    • Chart - Relationship between deoxynivalenol and fusarium damaged kernels for Canada Western Red Spring wheat, Prairies, 2011. Details below.
      Figure 32. Relationship between DON and fusarium damaged kernels for Canada Western Red Spring wheat collected in Prairie crop districts during the 2011 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 32: text version

      Concentrations of DON increased linearly with percentage of fusarium damaged kernels for Canada Western Red Spring wheat samples collected in Prairie crop districts during the 2011 Harvest Sample Program. The linear relationship had a slope of 1.15, an intercept of 0.023, and an r-squared value of 0.573.

    • Chart - Relationship between deoxynivalenol and fusarium damaged kernels for Canada Western Red Winter wheat, Prairies, 2011. Details below.
      Figure 33. Relationship between DON and fusarium damaged kernels for Canada Western Red Winter wheat collected in Prairie crop districts during the 2011 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 33: text version

      Concentrations of DON increased linearly with percentage of fusarium damaged kernels for Canada Western Red Winter wheat samples collected in Prairie crop districts during the 2011 Harvest Sample Program. The linear relationship had a slope of 0.62, an intercept of 0.29, and an r-squared value of 0.781.

Fusarium head blight in Eastern Canada, maps and charts

  • Percentage of fusarium damaged kernels, 2013
    • Map - Percentage of fusarium damaged kernels on Canada Eastern White Winter wheat, Ontario, 2013. Details below.
      Figure 34. Severity of Fusarium head blight based on median of percentage of fusarium damaged kernels on Canada Eastern White Winter wheat collected in Ontario crop regions during the 2013 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 34: text version

      White winter wheat samples analyzed during the 2013 Harvest Sample Program were from the northeastern and northwestern crop regions of Ontario. Fusarium damaged kernels ranged from 0% to 2% for these two crop regions. No white winter wheat samples from the eastern or Niagara regions were analyzed.

    • Map - Percentage of fusarium damaged kernels on Canada Eastern Soft Red Winter wheat, Ontario, 2013. Details below.
      Figure 35. Severity of Fusarium head blight based on median of percentage of fusarium damaged kernels on Canada Eastern Soft Red Winter wheat collected in Ontario crop regions during the 2013 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 35: text version

      Soft red winter wheat samples analyzed during the 2013 Harvest Sample Program were from the northeastern, northwestern and Niagara crop regions of Ontario. Fusarium damaged kernels ranged from 0% to 2% for these three crop regions. No soft red winter wheat samples from the eastern region were analyzed.

  • 15-acetyl-deoxynivalenol (ADON) versus 3-ADON, 2013
    • Map - 15-ADON versus 3-ADON on Canada Eastern White Winter wheat, Ontario, 2013. Details below.
      Figure 36. 15-ADON versus 3-ADON in Canada Eastern White Winter wheat in Ontario crop growing regions during the 2013 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 36: text version

      Trichothecene chemotyping of Fusarium graminearum revealed a predominance of 15-ADON populations in all three Ontario crop growing regions studied. Mean frequencies of 15-ADON isolates ranged from 98% to 99% in the southwestern region (SW), to 89% in the Niagara region and to 84% to 91% in the northwestern region (NW). No winter wheat samples from the eastern region were analyzed.

    • Map - 15-ADON versus 3-ADON on Canada Eastern Soft Red Winter wheat, Ontario, 2013. Details below.
      Figure 37. 15-ADON versus 3-ADON in Canada Eastern Soft Red Winter wheat in Ontario crop growing regions during the 2013 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 37: text version

      Trichothecene chemotyping of Fusarium graminearum revealed a predominance of 15-ADON populations in all three Ontario crop growing regions studied. Mean frequencies of 15-ADON isolates ranged from 98% to 99% in the southwestern region (SW), to 89% in the Niagara region and to 84% to 91% in the northwestern region (NW). No winter wheat samples from the eastern region were analyzed.

  • Distribution of Fusarium, 2013
    • Chart - Distribution of Fusarium on Canada Eastern wheats, Ontario, 2013. Details below.
      Figure 38. Distribution of toxigenic Fusarium species infecting Canada Eastern wheats collected in Ontario crop regions during the 2013 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 38: table
      Ontario Canada Eastern wheats Number Fusarium graminearum Fusarium avenaceum Fusarium poae Fusarium sporotrichioides
      Canada Eastern Soft Red Winter wheat, Niagara 10 1082 33 8 11
      Canada Eastern Soft Red Winter, northwest 8 1041 38 4 3
      Canada Eastern Soft Red Winter, southwest 30 2526 39 9 15
      Canada Eastern White Winter, northwest 14 1226 17 22 5
      Canada Eastern White Winter, southwest 57 1182 8 12 12
  • Concentrations of deoxynivalenol (DON), 2013
    • Map - Concentration of deoxynivalenol in Canada Eastern White Winter wheat, Ontario, 2013. Details below.
      Figure 39. Average concentrations of DON (milligram/kilogram) in Canada Eastern White Winter wheat collected in Ontario crop regions during the 2013 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 39: text version

      Average concentrations of DON between 1 and 2 milligram/kilogram were highest in samples from eastern and southwestern regions of Ontario.

    • Map - Concentration of deoxynivalenol in Canada Eastern Soft Red Winter wheat, Ontario, 2013. Details below.
      Figure 40. Average concentrations of DON (milligram/kilogram) in Canada Eastern Soft Red Winter wheat collected in Ontario crop regions during the 2013 Harvest Sample Program
      Figure 40: text version

      Average concentrations of DON between 1 and 2 milligram/kilogram were highest in samples from the Niagara and southwestern regions of Ontario.

  • Deoxynivalenol (DON)/Fusarium damaged kernels, 2013
    • Chart - Relationship between deoxynivalenol and fusarium damaged kernels for Canada Eastern White Winter wheat, Ontario, 2013. Details below.
      Figure 41. Relationship between DON and fusarium damaged kernels for Canada Eastern White Winter wheat collected in Ontario during the 2013 Harvest Sample Program in collaboration with the Grain Farmers of Ontario
      Figure 41: text version

      Concentrations of DON increased linearly with percentage of fusarium damaged kernels for Canada Eastern White Winter wheat samples collected in Ontario during the 2013 Harvest Sample Program. The linear relationship had a slope of 0.8161, an intercept of 0.2034, and an r-squared value of 0.7294.

    • Chart - Relationship between DON and fusarium damaged kernels for Canada Eastern Soft Red Winter wheat, Ontario, 2013. Details below.
      Figure 42. Relationship between DON and fusarium damaged kernels for Canada Eastern Soft Red Winter wheat collected in Ontario during the 2013 Harvest Sample Program in collaboration with the Grain Farmers of Ontario
      Figure 42: text version

      Concentrations of DON increased linearly with percentage of fusarium damaged kernels for Canada Eastern Soft Red Winter wheat samples collected in Ontario during the 2013 Harvest Sample Program. The linear relationship had a slope of 0.6878, an intercept of 0.1953, and an r-squared value of 0.7335.


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