Quality of western Canadian wheat exports, 2014

Wheat, Canada Western Red Spring

Quality parameter

Wheat, Canada Western Red Spring - Atlantic export cargo composites - Third and fourth quarters 2013-2014 - Allis-Chalmers mill
Quality parameter Footnote 1 No. 1 CWRS No. 2 CWRS
Guaranteed minimum protein content, %
13.0 - 13.9
Wheat
Test Weight, kg/hL 83.3 83.1
Weight per 1000 kernels, g 35.4 35.1
Particle Size Index, % 54 54
Protein content, % 13.2 13.4
Protein content, % (dry matter basis) 15.3 15.5
Ash content, % 1.54 1.55
Falling number, s 415 450
Milling Flour Yield
Clean wheat basis, % 76.0 75.8
0.50% ash basis, % 77.0 76.3
Flour
Protein content, % 12.4 12.5
Wet gluten content, % 33.8 33.9
Gluten Index, % 90.5 92.0
Ash content, % 0.48 0.49
Brightness,³ L* 91.2 91.2
Redness,³ a* 0.5 0.5
Yellowness,³ b* 9.84 9.71
Starch damage, % 9.4 9.3
Amylograph Peak Viscosity, BU 555 535
Farinogram
Absorption, % 68.4 68.4
Dough Development time, min 7 7.25
Stability, min 11.5 10.5
Mixing tolerance index, BU 25 30
Extensogram (135 minutes)
Maximum resistance, BU 481 490
Extensibility - Length, cm 19.6 19.4
Area, cm2 119 120
Alveogram
P (height x 1.1), mm 147 147
Length, mm 68 71
W, x 10 -4 joules 368 376
Baking (Canadian Short Process)
Absorption, % 72 72
Mixing time, min 4.3 4.3
Mixing energy, W-h/kg of dough 9.0 9.3
Loaf volume, cm3/100 g flour 980 945
Wheat, Canada Western Red Spring - Pacific export cargo composites - Third and fourth quarters 2013-2014 - Allis-Chalmers mill
Quality parameter Footnote 1 No. 1 CWRS No. 2 CWRS
Guaranteed minimum protein content, %
12.0-12.9 13.0-13.9 12.0-12.9 13.0-13.9
Wheat
Test Weight, kg/hL 84.0 83.8 83.7 83.2
Weight per 1000 kernels, g 37.4 37.2 38.0 38.4
Particle Size Index, % 52 54 53 54
Protein content, % 12.6 13.1 12.6 13.1
Protein content, % (dry matter basis) 14.6 15.1 14.5 15.2
Ash content, % 1.5 1.49 1.5 1.52
Falling number, s 465 465 465 435
Milling Flour Yield
Clean wheat basis, % 76.3 76.5 76.4 76.5
0.50% ash basis, % 77.3 78.0 77.4 77.0
Flour
Protein content, % 12.0 12.5 11.9 12.6
Wet gluten content, % 33.3 35.3 33.1 36.0
Gluten Index, % 82.3 83.6 83.6 80.7
Ash content, % 0.48 0.47 0.48 0.49
Brightness,³ L* 91.4 91.3 91.4 91.3
Redness,³ a* 0.47 0.49 0.46 0.32
Yellowness,³ b* 9.82 9.9 9.95 9.78
Starch damage, % 9.4 9.0 9.3 9.1
Amylograph Peak Viscosity, BU 540 620 595 560
Farinogram
Absorption, % 68.6 68.9 68.2 69.5
Dough Development time, min 5.75 5.5 6 5.75
Stability, min 9.0 10.5 10.0 8.5
Mixing tolerance index, BU 30 20 25 30
Extensogram (135 minutes)
Maximum resistance, BU 440 437 432 398
Extensibility - Length, cm 20.1 19.8 19.2 21.1
Area, cm2 113 111 107 109
Alveogram
P (height x 1.1), mm 143 139 140 141
Length, mm 72 74 64 70
W, x 10-4 joules 354 354 320 345
Baking (Canadian Short Process)
Absorption, % 73 73 72 74
Mixing time, min 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.9
Mixing energy, W-h/kg of dough 8.4 9.0 7.8 8.8
Loaf volume, cm3/100 g flour 975 970 970 950

Download the quality of Wheat, Canada Western Red Spring - Pacific export cargo composites

Wheat, Canada Western Red Spring - Atlantic and Pacific export cargo composites (PDF, 224 kb)

Moisture content, test weight and other grade determining factors

Note:

NSD indicates no standard deviation due to an insufficient number of samples.


Atlantic export cargoes of CWRS wheat, third and fourth quarters, 2013-2014

Grade determining factors assessed during grading of individual cargoes by Industry Services, Canadian Grain Commission, at time of vessel loading.
  No. 1 CWRS
Guaranteed minimum protein content, %
11.5 13.5 Not segregated by protein content
Number of cargoes 1 2 10
Thousands of tonnes 9 12 207
Moisture content, %
Weighted mean 11.8 13.7 14
Standard deviation NSD 0.42 0.15
Minimum 11.8 13.5 13.7
Maximum 11.8 14.1 14.2
Test weight, kg/hL
Weighted mean 84.5 84.3 84.1
Standard deviation NSD 0.28 0.39
Minimum 84.5 84.1 83.6
Maximum 84.5 84.5 84.8
Wheats of other classes, %
Weighted mean 0.34 0.151 0.538
Cereal grains other than wheat, %
Weighted mean 0.054 0.103 0.09
Grade determining factors assessed during grading of individual cargoes by Industry Services, Canadian Grain Commission, at time of vessel loading.
  No. 2 CWRS
Guaranteed minimum protein content, %
12.5 13 13.5 Not segregated by protein content
Number of cargoes 2 3 2 50
Thousands of tonnes 34 60 43 933
Moisture content, %
Weighted mean 13.8 13.7 13.8 13.9
Standard deviation NSD 0.2 0.35 0.31
Minimum 13.8 13.5 13.7 13.1
Maximum 13.8 13.9 14.2 14.4
Test weight, kg/hL
Weighted mean 84.3 84.1 83.8 83.7
Standard deviation 0.69 0.49 0.45 0.74
Minimum 83.7 83.7 83.3 80.7
Maximum 84.7 84.7 83.9 84.7
Wheats of other classes, %
Weighted mean 1.03 0.983 1.52 1.15
Cereal grains other than wheat, %
Weighted mean 0.048 0.077 0.069 0.073

Pacific export cargoes of CWRS wheat, third and fourth quarters, 2013-2014

Grade determining factors assessed during grading of individual cargoes by Industry Services, Canadian Grain Commission, at time of vessel loading.
  No. 1 CWRS
Guaranteed minimum protein content, %
12.0 12.5 13.0 13.5 14.0 Not segregated by protein content
Number of cargoes 1 6 9 1 2 84
Thousands of tonnes 11 222 246 14 112 2117
Moisture content, %
Weighted mean 11.9 13 12.9 13.3 12.9 12.9
Standard deviation NSD 0.31 0.35 NSD 0.21 0.33
Minimum 11.9 12.6 12.5 13.3 12.7 11.3
Maximum 11.9 13.5 13.6 13.6 13 13.5
Test weight, kg/hL
Weighted mean 84.7 84.3 84.3 83.8 83.8 84.3
Standard deviation NSD 0.15 0.53 NSD NSD 0.41
Minimum 84.7 84.1 83.1 83.8 83.8 83.2
Maximum 84.7 84.5 84.8 83.8 83.8 85.4
Wheats of other classes, %
Weighted mean 0.2 0.461 0.313 0.25 0.26 0.458
Cereal grains other than wheat, %
Weighted mean 0.174 0.125 0.07 0.107 0.104 0.101
Grade determining factors assessed during grading of individual cargoes by Industry Services, Canadian Grain Commission, at time of vessel loading.
  No. 2 CWRS
Guaranteed minimum protein content, %
12.5 13.0 13.5 Not segregated by protein content
Number of cargoes 10 8 1 73
Thousands of tonnes 263 195 33 1728
Moisture content, %
Weighted mean 12.6 12.8 13.3 11.9
Standard deviation 0.46 0.27 NSD 0.32
Minimum 12 12.4 13.3 13.3
Maximum 13.3 13.2 13.3 11.9
Test weight, kg/hL
Weighted mean 84.2 83.9 83.6 84.1
Standard deviation 0.4 0.35 NSD 0.42
Minimum 83.2 83.4 83.6 83.3
Maximum 84.6 84.4 83.6 85.6
Wheats of other classes, %
Weighted mean 0.941 0.684 0.3 0.453
Cereal grains other than wheat, %
Weighted mean 0.192 0.154 0.178 0.144

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Data are reported on a 13.5% moisture basis for wheat and a 14.0% moisture basis for flour.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Wheat, Canada Western Amber Durum

Wheat, No. 1, 2, 3 and 4 Canada Western Amber Durum - Bicoastal export cargo composites
Quality parameterFootnote2 No. 1 CWAD No. 2 CWAD No. 3 CWAD No. 4 CWAD
Wheat
Test weight, kg/hL 83.9 83.3 82.0 81.5
Weight per 1000 kernels, g 46.6 45.2 45.5 43.9
Vitreous kernels, % 85.3 74.0 52.8 34.6
Protein content, % 11.9 12.1 12.0 11.7
Ash content, % 1.48 1.51 1.54 1.52
Falling number, sec 490 485 445 400
Milling - Allis-Chalmers Mill
Total milling yield, % 76.1 76.1 75.9 75.1
Semolina yield, % 67.3 66.6 65.7 64.3
Speck count per 50 cm2
Total specks 20 21 26 21
Dark specks 3 4 5 2
Large specks (≥ 0.06 mm2) 10 12 15 11
SemolinaFootnote 3
Protein content, %  11.2 11.2 11.3 11.0
Wet gluten content, % 28.1 28.3 28.4 27.7
Gluten index, % 75 73 75 75
Ash content, % 0.67 0.70 0.72 0.69
Yellow pigment content, ppm 9.3 9.2 9.2 9.0
Yellowness, b* 31.0 31.0 30.3 29.7
Dough sheet colour at 24 hrs
Brightness, L* 77.3 78.3 77.4 77.3
Redness, a* -0.2 0.0 0.4 0.0
Yellowness, b* 36.0 34.7 32.0 35.3
Alveogram
P (height x 1.1), mm 73 69 71 64
Length, mm 75 73 74 76
P/L 0.97 0.95 0.96 0.84
W, x 10-4 joules 174 161 168 155
Spaghetti colour dried at 85oC
Brightness, L* 74.0 73.4 72.8 73.5
Redness, a* 3.1 3.4 3.8 3.5
Yellowness, b* 64.1 64.5 63.3 64.5
Spaghetti texture dried at 85oC
Peak cutting force, g 510 519 526 504
Dry strand diameter, mm 1.66 1.66 1.65 1.65
Cooked strand diameter, mm 2.41 2.41 2.41 2.41

Download the quality of Wheat, Canada Western Amber Durum - Bicoastal export cargo composites

Wheat, Canada Western Amber Durum - Bicoastal export cargo composites (PDF, 52 kb)

Moisture content, test weight and other grade determining factors

Note:

NSD indicates no standard deviation due to an insufficient number of samples.


Export cargoes of CWAD wheat, third and fourth quarters, 2013-2014

Grade determining factors assessed during grading of individual cargoes by Industry Services, Canadian Grain Commission, at time of vessel loading.
  No. 1 CWAD No. 2 CWAD No. 3 CWAD
Atlantic Pacific Atlantic Pacific Atlantic Pacific
Number of cargoes 24 3 40 32 23 3
Thousands of tonnes 417 77 572 430 456 176
Moisture content, %
Weighted mean 12.1 11.7 12.6 12 13.5 12.6
Standard deviation 0.36 0.31 0.41 0.59 0.41 0.4
Minimum 11.2 11.4 11.7 10.6 12.4 12.2
Maximum 12.7 12 13.4 13.5 14 13
Test weight, kg/hL
Weighted mean 83.6 84 83.2 83.4 82.2 82.6
Standard deviation 0.56 0.6 0.62 0.52 0.53 0.42
Minimum 82.5 83.1 82 82.2 81.5 82.3
Maximum 85 84.3 84.5 84.2 83.3 83.1
Vitreous kernels, %
Weighted mean 82.7 83.6 74.1 76 60.8 67.2
Wheats of other classes, %
Weighted mean 0.612 0.739 0.827 0.749 0.996 1.034
Cereal grains other than wheat, %
Weighted mean 0.071 0.085 0.127 0.096 0.098 0.136

Footnotes

Footnote 2

Data are reported on a 13.5% moisture basis for wheat and a 14.0% moisture basis for flour.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

Semolina analysis is conducted using granular products with a constant extraction rate of 70%.

Return to footnote 3 referrer

Wheat, Canada Western Hard White Spring

Moisture content, test weight and other grade determining factors

Note:

NSD indicates no standard deviation due to an insufficient number of samples.


Export cargoes of CWHWS wheat, third and fourth quarters, 2013-2014

Grade determining factors assessed during grading of individual cargoes by Industry Services, Canadian Grain Commission, at time of vessel loading.
  No. 2 CWHWS
Number of cargoes 1
Thousands of tonnes 1
Moisture content, %
Weighted mean 13.5
Standard deviation NSD
Minimum 13.5
Maximum 13.5
Test weight, kg/hL
Weighted mean 82.8
Standard deviation NSD
Minimum 82.8
Maximum 82.8
Wheats of other classes, %
Weighted mean 0.7
Cereal grains other than wheat, %
Weighted mean 0.008

Wheat, Canada Prairie Spring Red

Quality Parameter

Wheat, Canada Prairie Spring Red - Bicoastal export cargo composites - Third and fourth quarters 2013-2014 - Allis-Chalmers mill
Quality parameter Footnote 4 No. 1 CPSR
Wheat
Test Weight, kg/hL 82.7
Weight per 1000 kernels, g 42.0
Particle Size Index, % 56
Protein content, % 11.3
Protein content, % (dry matter basis) 13.1
Ash content, % 1.46
Falling number, s 405
Milling Flour Yield
Clean wheat basis, % 75.9
0.50% ash basis, % 76.9
Flour
Protein content, % 10.5
Wet gluten content, % 28.3
Gluten Index, % 92.8
Ash content, % 0.48
Brightness,³ L* 91.8
Redness,³ a* 0.33
Yellowness,³ b* 8.41
Starch damage, % 8.2
Amylograph Peak Viscosity, BU 565
Farinogram
Absorption, % 64.3
Dough Development time, min 6.25
Stability, min 9.5
Mixing tolerance index, BU 30
Extensogram (135 minutes)
Maximum resistance, BU 456
Extensibility - Length, cm 18.7
Area, cm2 110
Alveogram
P (height x 1.1), mm 114
Length, mm 77
W, x 10-4 joules 291
Baking (Canadian Short Process)
Absorption, % 68
Mixing time, min 4.1
Mixing energy, W-h/kg 8.7
Loaf volume, cm3/100 g flour 910

Download the quality of Wheat, Canada Prairie Spring Red - Bicoastal export cargo composites

Wheat, Canada Prairie Spring Red - Bicoastal export cargo composites (PDF, 213 kb)

Moisture content, test weight and other grade determining factors

Note:

NSD indicates no standard deviation due to an insufficient number of samples.


Export cargoes of CPSR wheat, third and fourth quarters, 2013-2014

Grade determining factors assessed during grading of individual cargoes by Industry Services, Canadian Grain Commission, at time of vessel loading.
  No. 1 CPSR No. 2 CPSR
Number of cargoes 23 1
Thousands of tonnes 421 11
Moisture content, %
Weighted mean 13.4 13.5
Standard deviation 0.38 NSD
Minimum 12.5 13.5
Maximum 14.2 13.5
Test weight, kg/hL
Weighted mean 82.9 83.7
Standard deviation 0.34 NSD
Minimum 82.2 83.7
Maximum 83.5 83.7
Wheats of other classes, %
Weighted mean 1.065 1.2
Cereal grains other than wheat, %
Weighted mean 0.178 0.82

Footnotes

Footnote 4

Data are reported on a 13.5% moisture basis for wheat and a 14.0% moisture basis for flour.

Return to footnote 4 referrer

Wheat, Canada Western Red Winter

Moisture content, test weight and other grade determining factors

Note:

NSD indicates no standard deviation due to an insufficient number of samples.


Export cargoes of CWRW wheat, third and fourth quarters, 2013-2014

Grade determining factors assessed during grading of individual cargoes by Industry Services, Canadian Grain Commission, at time of vessel loading.
  No. 2 CWRW No. 3 CWRW
Number of cargoes 3 1
Thousands of tonnes 7 14
Moisture content, %
Weighted mean 13.9 13.3
Standard deviation NSD NSD
Minimum 13.9 13.3
Maximum 13.9 13.3
Test weight, kg/hL
Weighted mean 82.7 82.9
Standard deviation 0.2 NSD
Minimum 82.4 82.9
Maximum 82.8 82.9
Wheats of other classes, %
Weighted mean 2.695 6
Cereal grains other than wheat, %
Weighted mean 0.182 0.02

Wheat, Canada Western Soft White Spring

Moisture content, test weight and other grade determining factors

Export cargoes of CWSWS wheat, third and fourth quarters, 2013-2014

Grade determining factors assessed during grading of individual cargoes by Industry Services, Canadian Grain Commission, at time of vessel loading.
  No. 1 CWSWS No. 2 CWSWS
Number of cargoes 2 5
Thousands of tonnes 38 96
Moisture content, %
Weighted mean 13.1 13.3
Standard deviation 0.21 0.38
Minimum 13 13
Maximum 13.3 14
Test weight, kg/hL
Weighted mean 84.9 85.3
Standard deviation 0.27 0.44
Minimum 84.7 84.5
Maximum 85.1 85.6
Wheats of other classes, %
Weighted mean 1.254 1.735
Cereal grains other than wheat, %
Weighted mean 0.06 0.059

Contacts

Brigitte Dupuis
Chemist, Bread Wheat Research
Grain Research Laboratory
1404-303 Main Street
Winnipeg MB  R3C 3G8
Telephone: 204-983-8033 or
1-800-853-6705
Email: brigitte.dupuis@grainscanada.gc.ca

Dale Taylor
Laboratory Technician
Grain Research Laboratory
1404-303 Main Street
Winnipeg MB  R3C 3G8
Telephone: 204-983-3329 or
1-800-853-6705
Email: dale.taylor@grainscanada.gc.ca